Paranoid personality disorder



Paranoid Personality Disorder 786
Photo by: Andrew Lever

Definition

People with paranoid personality disorder (PPD) have long-term, widespread and unwarranted suspicions that other people are hostile, threatening or demeaning. These beliefs are steadfastly maintained in the absence of any real supporting evidence. The disorder, whose name comes from the Greek word for "madness," is one of ten personality disorders described in the 2000 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , (the fourth edition, text revision or DSM-IVTR ), the standard guidebook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental disorders.

Despite the pervasive suspicions they have of others, patients with PPD are not delusional (except in rare, brief instances brought on by stress ). Most of the time, they are in touch with reality, except for their misinterpretation of others' motives and intentions. PPD patients are not psychotic but their conviction that others are trying to "get them" or humiliate them in some way often leads to hostility and social isolation.

Description

People with PPD do not trust other people. In fact, the central characteristic of people with PPD is a high degree of mistrustfulness and suspicion when interacting with others. Even friendly gestures are often interpreted as being manipulative or malevolent. Whether the patterns of distrust and suspicion begin in childhood or in early adulthood, they quickly come to dominate the lives of those suffering from PPD. Such people are unable or afraid to form close relationships with others.

They suspect strangers, and even people they know, of planning to harm or exploit them when there is no good evidence to support this belief. As a result of their constant concern about the lack of trustworthiness of others, patients with this disorder often have few intimate friends or close human contacts. They do not fit in and they do not make good "team players." Interactions with others are characterized by wariness and not infrequently by hostility. If they marry or become otherwise attached to someone, the relationship is often characterized by pathological jealousy and attempts to control their partner. They often assume their sexual partner is "cheating" on them.

People suffering from PPD are very difficult to deal with. They never seem to let down their defenses. They are always looking for and finding evidence that others are against them. Their fear, and the threats they perceive in the innocent statements and actions of others, often contributes to frequent complaining or unfriendly withdrawal or aloofness. They can be confrontational, aggressive and disputatious. It is not unusual for them to sue people they feel have wronged them. In addition, patients with this disorder are known for their tendency to become violent.

Despite all the unpleasant aspects of a paranoid lifestyle, however, it is still not sufficient to drive many people with PPD to seek therapy. They do not usually walk into a therapist's office on their own. They distrust mental health care providers just as they distrust nearly everyone else. If a life crisis, a family member or the judicial system succeeds in getting a patient with PPD to seek help, therapy is often a challenge. Individual counseling seems to work best but it requires a great deal of patience and skill on the part of the therapist. It is not unusual for patients to leave therapy when they perceive some malicious intent on the therapist's part. If the patient can be persuaded to cooperate— something that is not easy to achieve— low-dose medications are recommended for treating such specific problems as anxiety, but only for limited periods of time.

If a mental health care provider is able to gain the trust of a patient with PPD, it may be possible to help the patient deal with the threats that they perceive. The disorder, however, usually lasts a lifetime.

Causes and symptoms

Causes

No one knows what causes paranoid personality disorder, although there are hints that familial factors may influence the development of the disorder in some cases. There seem to be more cases of PPD in families that have one or more members who suffer from such psychotic disorders as schizophrenia or delusional disorder .

Other possible interpersonal causes have been proposed. For example, some therapists believe that the behavior that characterizes PPD might be learned. They suggest that such behavior might be traced back to childhood experiences. According to this view, children who are exposed to adult anger and rage with no way to predict the outbursts and no way to escape or control them develop paranoid ways of thinking in an effort to cope with the stress. PPD would emerge when this type of thinking becomes part of the individual's personality as adulthood approaches.

Studies of identical (or monozygotic) and fraternal (or dizygotic) twins suggest that genetic factors may also play an important role in causing the disorder. Twin studies indicate that genes contribute to the development of childhood personality disorders, including PPD. Furthermore, estimates of the degree of genetic contribution to the development of childhood personality disorders are similar to estimates of the genetic contribution to adult versions of the disorders.

Symptoms

A core symptom of PPD is a generalized distrust of other people. Comments and actions that healthy people would not notice come across as full of insults and threats to someone with the disorder. Yet, generally, patients with PPD remain in touch with reality; they don't have any of the hallucinations or delusions seen in patients with psychoses. Nevertheless, their suspicions that others are intent on harming or exploiting them are so pervasive and intense that people with PPD often become very isolated. They avoid normal social interactions. And because they feel so insecure in what is a very threatening world for them, patients with PPD are capable of becoming violent. Innocuous comments, harmless jokes and other day-to-day communications are often perceived as insults.

Paranoid suspicions carry over into all realms of life. Those burdened with PPD are frequently convinced that their sexual partners are unfaithful. They may misinterpret compliments offered by employers or coworkers as hidden criticisms or attempts to get them to work harder. Complimenting a person with PPD on their clothing or car, for example, could easily be taken as an attack on their materialism or selfishness.

Because they persistently question the motivations and trustworthiness of others, patients with PPD are not inclined to share intimacies. They fear such information might be used against them. As a result, they become hostile and unfriendly, argumentative or aloof. Their unpleasantness often draws negative responses from those around them. These rebuffs become "proof" in the patient's mind that others are, indeed, hostile to them. They have little insight into the effects of their attitude and behavior on their generally unsuccessful interactions with others. Asked if they might be responsible for negative interactions that fill their lives, people with PPD are likely to place all the blame on others.

A brief summary of the typical symptoms of PPD includes:

  • suspiciousness and distrust of others
  • questioning hidden motives in others
  • feelings of certainty, without justification or proof, that others are intent on harming or exploiting them
  • social isolation
  • aggressiveness and hostility
  • little or no sense of humor

Demographics

As of 2002, it has not been possible to determine the number of people with PPD with any accuracy. This lack of data might be expected for a disorder that is characterized by extreme suspiciousness. Such patients in many cases avoid voluntary contact with such people as mental health workers who have a certain amount of power over them. There are, nonetheless, some estimates of the prevalence of PPD. According to the DSM-IV-TR , between 0.5% and 2.5% of the general population of the United States may have PPD, while 2%–10% of outpatients receiving psychiatric care may be affected. A significant percentage of institutionalized psychiatric patients, between 10% and 30%, might have symptoms that qualify for a diagnosis of PPD. Finally, the disorder appears to be more common in men than in women.

There are indications in the scientific literature that relatives of patients with chronic schizophrenia may have a greater chance of developing PPD than people in the general population. Also, the incidence of the disorder may be higher among relatives of patients suffering from another psychotic disorder known as delusional disorder of the persecutory type.

Diagnosis

There are no laboratory tests or imaging studies as of 2002 that can be used to confirm a diagnosis of PPD. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of the doctor's interview with the patient, although the doctor may also give the patient a diagnostic questionnaire. In addition, input from people who know the patient may be requested.

Diagnostic criteria

Mental health care providers look for at least five distinguishing symptoms in patients who they think might suffer from PPD. The first is a pattern of suspiciousness about, and distrust of, other people when there is no good reason for either. This pattern should be present from at least the time of the patient's early adulthood.

In addition to this symptom that is required in order to make the PPD diagnosis, the patient should have at least four of the following seven symptoms as listed in the DSM-IV-TR :

  • The unfounded suspicion that people want to deceive, exploit or harm the patient.
  • The pervasive belief that others are not worthy of trust or that they are not inclined to or capable of offering loyalty.
  • A fear that others will use information against the patient with the intention of harming him or her. This fear is demonstrated by a reluctance to share even harmless personal information with others.
  • The interpretation of others' innocent remarks as insulting or demeaning; or the interpretation of neutral events as presenting or conveying a threat.
  • A strong tendency not to forgive real or imagined slights and insults. People with PPD nurture grudges for a long time.
  • An angry and aggressive response in reply to imagined attacks by others. The counterattack for a perceived insult is often rapid.
  • Suspicions, in the absence of any real evidence, that a spouse or sexual partner is not sexually faithful, resulting in such repeated questions as "Where have you been?" "Whom did you see?" etc., and other types of jealous behavior.

Differential diagnosis

Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists should be careful not to confuse PPD with other mental disorders or behaviors that have some symptoms in common with the paranoid personality. For example, it is important to make sure that the patient is not a long-term user of amphetamine or cocaine. Chronic abuse of these stimulants can produce paranoid behavior. Also, some prescription medications might produce paranoia as a side effect; so it is important to find out what drugs, if any, the patient is taking.

There are other conditions that, if present, would mean a patient with paranoid traits does not have PPD. For example, if the patient has symptoms of schizophrenia, hallucinations or a formal thought disorder, a diagnosis of PPD can't be made. The same is true of delusions, which are not a feature of PPD.

Also, the suspiciousness and other characteristic features of PPD must have been present in the patient for a long time, at least since early adulthood. If the symptoms appeared more recently than that, a person can't be given a diagnosis of this disorder.

There are at least a dozen disorders or other mental health conditions listed in the DSM-IV-TR that could be confused with PPD after a superficial interview because they share similar or identical symptoms with PPD. It is important, therefore, to eliminate the following entities before settling on a diagnosis of PPD: paranoid schizophrenia; schizotypal personality disorder ; schizoid personality disorder ; persecutory delusional disorder; mood disorder with psychotic features; symptoms and/or personality changes produced by disease, medical conditions, medication or drugs of abuse; paranoia linked to the development of physical handicaps; and borderline, histrionic, avoidant, antisocial or narcissistic personality disorders.

In some individuals, symptoms of PPD may precede the development of schizophrenia. Should a patient who as been correctly diagnosed with PPD later develop schizophrenia, the DSM-IV-TR suggests that the diagnosis on the patient's medical record be changed from "Paranoid Personality Disorder" to "Paranoid Personality Disorder (Premorbid)."

Treatments

Because they are suspicious and untrusting, patients with PPD are not likely to seek therapy on their own. A particularly disturbing development or life crisis may prompt them to get help. More often, however, the legal system or the patient's relatives order or encourage him or her to seek professional treatment. But even after a patient finally agrees or is forced to seek treatment, the nature of the disorder poses very serious challenges to therapists.

Psychotherapy

The primary approach to treatment for such personality disorders as PPD is psychotherapy . The problem is that patients with PPD do not readily offer therapists the trust that is needed for successful treatment. As a result, it has been difficult to gather data that would indicate what kind of psychotherapy would work best. Therapists face the challenge of developing rapport with someone who is, by the nature of his personality disorder, distrustful and suspicious; someone who often sees malicious intent in the innocuous actions and statements of others. The patient may actively resist or refuse to cooperate with others who are trying to help.

Mental health workers treating patients with PPD must guard against any show of hostility on their part in response to hostility from the patient, which is a common occurrence in people with this disorder. Instead, clinicians are advised to develop trust by persistently demonstrating a nonjudgmental attitude and a professional desire to assist the patient.

It is usually up to the therapist alone to overcome a patient's resistance. Group therapy that includes family members or other psychiatric patients, not surprisingly, isn't useful in the treatment of PPD due to the mistrust people with PPD feel towards others. This characteristic also explains why there are no significant self-help groups dedicated to recovery from this disorder. It has been suggested, however, that some people with PPD might join cults or extremist groups whose members might share their suspicions.

To gain the trust of PPD patients, therapists must be careful to hide as little as possible from their patients. This transparency should include note taking; details of administrative tasks concerning the patient; correspondence; and medications. Any indication of what the patient would consider "deception" or covert operation can, and often does, lead the patient to drop out of treatment. Patients with paranoid tendencies often don't have a well-developed sense of humor; those who must interact with people with PPD probably should not make jokes in their presence. Attempts at humor may seem like ridicule to people who feel so easily threatened.

With some patients, the most attainable goal may be to help them to learn to analyze their problems in dealing with other people. This approach amounts to supportive therapy and is preferable to psychotherapeutic approaches that attempt to analyze the patient's motivations and possible sources of paranoid traits. Asking about a patient's past can undermine the treatment of PPD patients. Concentrating on the specific issues that are troubling the patient with PPD is usually the wisest course.

With time and a skilled therapist, the patient with PPD who remains in therapy may develop a measure of trust. But as the patient reveals more of his paranoid thoughts, the clinician will continue to face the difficult task of balancing the need for objectivity about the paranoid ideas and the maintenance of a good rapport with the patient. The therapist thus walks a tightrope with this type of patient. If the therapist is not straightforward enough, the patient may feel deceived. If the therapist challenges paranoid thoughts too directly, the patient will be threatened and probably drop out of treatment.

Medications

While individual supportive psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for PPD, medications are sometimes used on a limited basis to treat related symptoms. If, for example, the patient is very anxious, anti-anxiety drugs may be prescribed. In addition, during periods of extreme agitation and high stress that produce delusional states, the patient may be given low doses of antipsychotic medications.

Some clinicians have suggested that low doses of neuroleptics should be used in this group of patients; however, medications are not normally part of long-term treatment for PPD. One reason is that no medication has been proven to relieve effectively the long-term symptoms of the disorder, although the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as fluoxetine (Prozac) have been reported to make patients less angry, irritable and suspicious. Antidepressants may even make symptoms worse. A second reason is that people with PPD are suspicious of medications. They fear that others might try to control them through the use of drugs. It can therefore be very difficult to persuade them to take medications unless the potential for relief from another threat, such as extreme anxiety, makes the medications seem relatively appealing. The best use of medication may be for specific complaints, when the patient trusts the therapist enough to ask for relief from particular symptoms.

Prognosis

Paranoid personality disorder is often a chronic, lifelong condition; the long-term prognosis is usually not encouraging. Feelings of paranoia, however, can be controlled to a degree with successful therapy. Unfortunately, many patients suffer the major symptoms of the disorder throughout their lives.

Prevention

With little or no understanding of the cause of PPD, it is not possible to prevent the disorder.

See also Paranoia

Resources

BOOKS

Allen, Thomas E., Mayer C. Liebman, Lee Crandall Park, and William C. Wimmer. A Primer on Mental Disorders: A Guide for Educators, Families, and Students. Lantham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th edition, text revised. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,2000.

Beers, Mark H., and Robert Berkow, eds. "Personality disorders." In The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th edition. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 1999.

Frances, Allen. Your Mental Health: A Layman's Guide to the Psychiatrist's Bible. New York, NY: Scribner, 1999.

Kernberg, Paulina F., Alan S. Weiner and Karen K. Bardenstein. Personality Disorders in Children and Adolescents. 1st edition. New York, NY: Basic Books,2000.

PERIODICALS

Coolidge, F. L., L. L. Thede and K. L. Jang. "Heritability of personality disorders in childhood: A preliminary investigation." Journal of Personality Disorders 15, no. 1 (Feb.2001): 33-40.

Webb, C. T. and D. F. Levinson. "Schizotypal and paranoid personality disorder in the relatives of patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders: A review." Schizophrenia Research 11, no. 1 (Dec. 1993): 81-92.

ORGANIZATIONS

American Psychiatric Association. 1400 K Street NW, Washington D.C. 20005. <http://www.psych.org> .

International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders. 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478. <http://www.isspd.com/> .

National Mental Health Association. 1021 Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-2971. <http://www.nmha.org/> .

OTHER

Beers, Mark H., and Robert Berkow, eds. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 1995-2002. (cited March 12,2002). < http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/section15/chapter191/191a.htm> .

Ekleberry, Sharon, C., Dual Diagnosis and the Paranoid Personality Disorder. The Dual Diagnosis Pages. 25 March 2000. (cited 19 March 2002). <http://www.toad.net/~arcturus/dd/paranoid.htm> .

Grohol, John M. "Paranoid Personality Disorder." Psych Central. 1 March 2002. (cited 16 March 2002). <http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx37t.htm> .

Dean A. Haycock, Ph.D.



User Contributions:

Madhur
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Mar 9, 2009 @ 10:22 pm
Thank you so much for this information. This is exactly what my boyfriend does. I used to be hurt at first when he gave me his silent treatments, now it has come more towards blaming me and accusing me of cheating him. He sees little things that that happened months or years ago and are hardly worth remembering as major issues and wants answers for them. I had calloused myself against it, but now I really want to help him. I'll look at him in a different way from here on - Thank you so very much. He is a very secretive and an intelligent man. Hope he agrees for therapy.
John
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Mar 10, 2009 @ 7:07 am
Very well written article. It pretty much describes me perfectly except I do have a sense of humor and insight into my condition. My main problem is I'm always very uncomfortable with people looking at me. It is a serious condition that can lead to pure rage and a very violent outcome. The mental pounding is relentless and can render you damn near agoraphobic. I'm a goddamn genious, I just can't beat it.
curt
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Mar 14, 2009 @ 8:08 am
I read the first guys comment and I had to look at the intitials at the end cause I thought that I had wrote it myself.
Yeah, I agree this is a very good article. Just the same with me, a light went off and I was blown away. Just like it was written for me. It is a painful, painful experience. Especially when she was the greatest person in the world and just the most perfect member of our church. I am telling you, when she is in church and turns her will over to a higher power, she is normal. She fell away, started on drugs and ended up beating the shit out of me and throwing me out. Pretty scary. I was in Australia and had to come home cause it had gotten so bad and I had no clue what it was or why. I eventually myself became very hurt and beat up. I nearly lost myself through the experience. She has never so much as called me since I got back. I have her password to her E-mail and she only checked it once way back six months ago. Just recently she wrote me that I am a liar and that she isn't attracted to me at all, actually turned off by me. ANd that it is over and we will never be together....

Wish everybody luck with this, this has been a night mare,..

ps. her mom is the same way and her mom was sexually abused as a child. Just for info.
santhosh
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Aug 10, 2009 @ 2:02 am
a very informative article. My wife is suffering from PPD for a long time. It is extremely difficult to live with her. She always suspicious with me. In earlier state she is blaming me of illicit relation with other ladies. Now she is blame me of an illegal affair with my child. They were very cunning people as they should find so many reasons for their belief. They will cleverly close all other social contacts b'case they firmly believe every one in the world is trying to harm them. It is a pity condition that the dear n near ones who's life is become extremely miserable to cope with. Any people who is suffering such an isolation and problem with their dear n near who have developed such a disease pl share my experiance.
Tricia Hysell
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Aug 18, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
This information was helpful but I'm curous that if the person is a chronic alchhol drinker and marajuana user how big is the effect that they play in this disorder and where can I find information relating alcohol and marajuana to this condition. It would help if I had proof to convince others of the problem. If you can help me out I would greatly appreciate it.
Thanks Tricia
Ian
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Aug 27, 2009 @ 9:09 am
My wife is just like this. She believes the stickers on cars that pass her car have messages about her life; that people who wish her harm follow her; that I am cheating on her with her worst enemy (she has many enemies); that innocent remarks have hidden meanings; that my humour is cruel (so I make no jokes). She can be so nice at times, but I do not think we will make it together - there are only so many crazy accusations one can take.
David
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Nov 30, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
my partner seems to associate any innocent event such as a text message send / receive disparity is seen as a sign of lying or possible infidelelity. Even when confronted with the irrefutable evidence, ie i show her the mobile detail side by side, its dismissed as We get into serious confrontation over say my whereabouts, and when i actually prove the facts i am told i'm making a mountain out of a molehill! It just seems a lose lose situation, and I'm now resigned just to go along with whatever accusation is made. I'm ok with it at the moment but so worried that this will detriorate over time. Is this PPD where coincidences become conspiracy?
demitria
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Dec 15, 2009 @ 7:07 am
My sister has this disorder and life with her is miserable. She destroys everyone she gets close to, and everyone is out to demean her or make her look stupid, disrespect her, humiliate her. She focuses on social hierarchies as though they determine everyone's actions towards her, no matter how irrelevant, and can take a simple, innocent comment by someone and spin it into the most vile conniving ulterior motive you could ever imagine. It actually feels like she missed her calling as a fiction writer, only the connections are so loose it is maddening, and sad. Some of the other comments don't seem to understand that not only are these people jealous, they are control-freaks in every area, and they spew horrible contrived and elaborate false plots day and night about the people around them. It can be months before she attacks me again, but I know it will come, and in the meantime, being around her is so difficult because she never stops relating all of the imaginary slights everyone else has committed against her. Her marriage is almost over, she has no friends, and she hates her mother, father, and her siblings. The only people who are safe are people she has never met, and she imagines she just hasn't found the right friends and associates yet. Sadly, she never will.
MOM
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Jan 28, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I think this is what I have! I have spent countless hours trying to figure out me defect! Tell me what you think
Mel
jen
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Jan 29, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I am convinced my sister has severe PPD. She has self-imploded and her life is spiraling out of control. She constantly is shutting people out of her life, mostly me, however at the moment she is heavily relying on me to be her friend since she has very few friends or people to talk to at the moment.She has reverted to living in the 80's, listening to only 80's music with the exception of "crazy" which she is obsessed with listening to, reconnecting with x-friends from high school on facebook, etc. I am TERRIFIED to suggest she gets help for fear she will shut me out again after barely speaking to me for the past few years. I love her more than anything on this earth-is there ANYTHING that any of you have been able to do to get your loved one help?
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May 2, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I feel so sad for all the testimonies I just read - knowing that I too am putting my husband through hell with all my accusations. I do okay for months at a time and then all of a sudden I'm convinced he's having an affair. I'll create a whole story in my mind and then I'll war against the fictional story as if my life depends on it.

I've even accused my husband of sexually abusing our son. Ironically I know none of this is happening. But I can't stop the thoughts and I can't stop acting on them.
Unlike other people with this disorder, I do very well socially. I have many wonderful friends and always think the best of them and expect the best of them. I also give them the best I have. Why my paranoia is isolated to my husband only is beyond me.

I appreciate all the comments I've read thus far. I feel very empathetic towards my husband right now, as well as apologetic.
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Jun 13, 2010 @ 2:02 am
This describes me in a way, I'm not always paranoid at times I can be a very relaxed person.. Then again I can be Suspicious, my sense of humor is horrible and I misinterpret a simple hello at times this makes me almost want to cry.. I'm willing to seek help I don't want this to escalate any further.. Please email me..
amina
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Jul 1, 2010 @ 2:02 am
Very well written article. It pretty much describes me perfectly except I do have a sense of humor and insight into my condition. My main problem is I'm always very uncomfortable with people looking at me. It is a serious condition that can lead to pure rage and a very violent outcome. The mental pounding is relentless and can render you damn near agoraphobic. I'm a goddamn genious, I just can't beat it.
Kitty
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Aug 12, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
This is exactly my husband perfectly described! I don't know what to do anymore or how I'm going to cope with it either. I love him dearly, but I can't deal with constant accusations that I'm hiding things from him, I'm cheating on him, and that I'm manipulating him. He usually keeps most of it to himself, mulling it over while he's alone at his boring job, then when he's had a couple of drinks, "Bam" it all just explodes into a session of ranting and accusations and me in tears (the ranting even goes on to himself when he goes outside for a cigarette, I can hear him). I am beside myself with what to do or even how to deal with this anymore. I get so hurt by the constant doubting of my intentions and actions, apparently all I ever do is sit and work out how I can manipulate him and deceive him. It's very hurtful :(
Silance
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Sep 14, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
Wow. This is my mother. I grew up with this behaviour. And up until 25 or so, I saw the world the same way. A suicide attempt landed me in psychiatric care for five months. I was never diagnosed with PPD, but spent the whole time in hospital in therapy for my other problems and I've been okay since.

My mother, sadly, is still behaving the same way. We haven't had any contact in a very long time.
Crazy4u
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Feb 14, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
I've met numerous people in my life. A little fraction of them were showing a terrible personality. They were always thinking negative that made me think bad about them. So, of course, I isolated/detached myself from people that are hard to be with. I keep people that I get along with. I know they need somebody like me.
Charity
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Apr 5, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
This article describes my mother exactly. She has always had issues, but somehow managed to raise 5 children on her own. My dad did come around and help some, but he couldn't be around her for too long. I am the youngest and was the last one to move out of the house. Since I left 10 years ago she has gone down hill drastically. She doesn't think she has a problem and refuses to get help. She just says "we're a family and family's should help each other and pray together". This is hard for me because I'm at my wits end with her. I've prayed and been as supportive as possible. I've let her live with me 2 different times. I love her and want her to be ok, but I am ready to tell her not to come around anymore. I have to kids and I don't want them to hear all the accusations she makes about EVERYONE. I've been told that I'm supposed to go along with her paranoid rants and pretend like I believe her. Is this true? I can't do it anymore. When I don't go along with it or I ask her to quit saying stuff infront of my kids she becomes angry and threatining. What should I do?
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Jun 25, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
People with paranoid personality disorder (PPD) have long-term, widespread and unwarranted suspicions that other people are hostile, threatening or demeaning. These beliefs are steadfastly maintained in the absence of any real supporting evidence. The disorder, whose name comes from the Greek word for "madness," is one of ten personality disorders described in the 2000 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , (the fourth edition, text revision or DSM-IVTR ), the standard guidebook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental disorders.
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Jun 25, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
I WAS WONDERING IF PPD ARE THEY CAPABIE OF HURTING A CHILD,MY SON-IN-LAW KEVIN HAS TOOKEN MY GRANDBABY AWAY FROM SEEING OR VISIT WITH ME AND HE HAS PPD SO HE IS MEAN AND SAYS HURTFUL THINGS TO ME AND OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS.HE NEVER LEAVES THE HOUSE HE MAKES MY DAUGHTER WORK AND NEVER HAD O JOB.IM AFRAID HE WILL HURT MY GRANDSON I NEVER BEEN APART FROM HIM SINCE HE WAS BORN THATS SIX YEARS,SO PLEASE HELP ME SO I CAN SAVE MY GRANDSON,IM NOT WORRY ABOUT EMILY SHES JUST LIKE HIM (CRAZY).
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Aug 16, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
Hi,

Really this was a very illuminating article. I can empathize with all those people out there as I too went through such an experience personally. In the end I had to flee from him. I really loved him a lot and I still love him, but his constant suspicions, accusations, outbursts and abusive behavior was driving me crazy. I fled from this relationship two months before our marriage. I wish I could have helped him. But in the end I had no choice other than to save myself. He is a wonderful person except for his PPD. But I sensed that this disorder was becoming more and more chronic with each passing day. I hope there is someone out there who will be able to help him.
Paul
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Sep 2, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
Thank you for this information. This explains alot about Byran Gunther.
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Dec 16, 2011 @ 1:01 am
I really bless with you all, i have almost feeling very very confused about my boyfriends, i dont really know what to do with him. I knew him 8 month. I have such a great filling to him and also nice intimacy with him, I love him so much. But the only things i cant stand is PPD. I have no idea what to say what ever it is is so true that exactly they need a loving person are can stand for This. but my boyfriends no trust no one in this planet..

* Can you explain you comment more detail for me and easier to assorbert.. i need that explanation but i dont really sure, maybe can you give me example please.

thankyou so much for this. I hope i can move on without thingking about him. I wish i never meet him :(

I wish they can have better treatment too..

I'm sorry my engglish is not very good writing...
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Apr 25, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
My mother suffers from this disorder as well. For the longest time I thought that maybe it was schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, the was she would treat me, my brother, and my father. She would alienate me, and attack my faith, saying I was a terrible Christian, and I never understood why, until recently. She accused me and my father of having an affair. She wouldn't talk to me, make everyone dinner except for me, she wasn't a mother to me. I am still unsure why it has only come out now, my childhood was a happy one. But since last year, I have been bouncing around, living with my dad's mother, or traveling, so as to avoid the abuse, I'm only 17. Now, I'm living in France, and she isn't talking to my father, and he has finally decided to get a divorce. She accuses him of having affairs with old family friends, or my youth leaders. I can recognize now, away from the situation, that at one point, she was my mother, and at one point she loved me, but the illness has taken the person that I once loved. She is no longer my mother, my mother died when the illness came out. I hold nothing against who she now is, and wish her only the best, but I've done all that I can do, I've loved her all that I can. You all have done the same. You have all done the best. But at one point, the illness takes the person you loved. I'm not reccomending you leave, I'm not reccomending you stay. But you all need to at some point choose what is healthy for you.

Feel free to email me.
Charley
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May 9, 2012 @ 9:09 am
My ex-husband was PPD & he was impossible to live with. He constantly accused me of bogus activity ranging from my allegedly having multiple affairs to my allegedly spying on him.

Just one of those scenarios was (in his mind) that he thought I was electronically monitoring his Internet communications via a peer-to-peer wireless network which HE himself had set up & which I knew nothing about (I actually didn't have the capability or the knowledge to know how it worked.) He also told me the Chinese and the Russians were both remotely trying to access his laptop to enslave it as a spam-bot.

Further, at random times and for no reason, he accused me of trying to poison him via mayonnaise, of having sex with men at our own house & keeping souvenirs of those alleged trysts, of having affairs with the checkout boy, or having affairs with friends of mine from other countries or of being a lesbian and having sex with the local Blockbuster manger who was a woman.

In the early days of our marriage, when his best friend told me he was paranoid, I should have listened. Instead, I stayed thinking I could fix whatever it was that might have been wrong with him. I was wrong. PPD cannot be fixed. No way, no how.

It is difficult if not impossible to live with someone who has these ongoing destructive fantasies. His behavior was verbally abusive, emotionally highly manipulative and psychologically devastatingly damaging to our marriage.

I had no choice but to leave him for my own physical and psychological safety and sanity.
Kiera
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May 13, 2012 @ 12:00 am
My mother has this disorder, while she has not officially been diagnosed because she refuses to speak with therapists, the therapist for the rest of our family quickly recognized the symptoms. Overall, this article is very well written and helpful to those who have been living or ever come across someone who suffers from PPD.

PPD is not only damaging to the patient, but also to their friends and family. My mother is a very smart person who likes to do things for others. However, she is rarely like that, since she has PPD she uses her kindness to guilt and manipulate people. My parents divorced when I was very young, my father left because he could no longer deal with her constant negativity and guilt trips. Yet, he still sticks around and loves my brother and me, yet my mother only continued her ways, she was so paranoid that when my parents separated, and my father was out of the house, she took me into my dads old office and at the age of 11 and showed me pictures of "all the women my father had slept with". Later I found out that none of the things my mother were stressing about had even happened.

Time, seems to be no cure either, she still to this day tells me that I betray her. Since when I was 17, I moved to my father's house because she had become violent and continued to tell me that I was a betrayer since I love and care for my half siblings. This is a very difficult disease to handle!

I am currently a student of psychology and I hope to go into field where I can research these problems in people in order to find solutions. Mental/Personality disorders are very difficult though, they are called "personality" disorders because they have become part of how a person interprets and behaves in the world. The hardest things to ever change are ourselves, we only have our own reasoning, and when our reasoning has become damaging to us, how can we even know if we don't even have a clear lens to see ourselves through?
Sara
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Jun 4, 2012 @ 5:05 am
My sister in law has been diagnosed with PPD 6 months after her marriage . She also have the same symptoms of jealousy,mistrust and people conspiring against her. She also has a miscarage and i guess that trigerred her condition. She is on drugs these days and i dont know whether she will ever get better again. I wish and pray that she gets better but is it possible?
My brother is in tremendous stress due to her behaviour as she leaves house whenever she feels depressive. One thing i have also observed that these people are very selfish and never ever works against their personal interest.

I also want to know if there is any side effects to the pills they take?
Vivian
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Aug 10, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
How to help children of parents who have this disorder? Accusations, temper tantrams, mistrust, jealousy, etc. This has been the behaviour emulated in front of and towards the children. Consequently, they have little confidence, very uncertain in the responses and behavior. I feel helpless. They are my grandchildren and the parent is my daughter. Please send advice and/or suggestions. Thank you.
Chey.
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Aug 13, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
I think I have this disorder. I pretty much am the same as comment #2. The article describes me all the same except the sense of humor thing. I do have a sense of humor. Though sometimes if a friend or associate says a joke I don't understand I become suspicious of it, and what it really meant. I've always been a little suspicious of people, ever since I can remember. I suppose the time when it started to get "worse" I guess, or when I started to feel this way more, was 4th grade. Now I'm in high school and I'm afraid of how this will effect my success in life. Like when I go to college and get a job after I graduate.(Even though that's a couple years away) I just don't know how to control it.
fed up
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Aug 14, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
my older brother has this, but he would deny he does. At night he swears at people in his room, thinking everyone is following or copying him. He mumbles, rants, swears at everyone and everything.He says the most vile things to my parents and even to us his siblings. He has even been violent, his punched my dad and mum loads of times and even hit my little brother. I dont know what to do, whenever you book a drs appointment for him he knows its for this so doesnt go.
And then thinks we are out to get him. he is 26 yrs old and i dont think he will ever leave this house or get married, he doesnt trust anyone and always says stuff like 'oh if i was in charge i would deal with people, or i need a gang to join so i can sort people out'

I literally cant stand him anymore, my parents cant do anything to fix him coz he never goes drs. And they wont kick him out coz they say what will other people think. urghh and me and my little brother are stuck in the middle.
TK
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Sep 5, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Thank you so much for this article - a very close friend of mine recently ended our relationship in a fit of accusation and manipulation, and reading this article has saved my sanity! It perfectly explains her behavior and reassures me that this is a serious health issue and not that I was a bad friend. I knew she was a troubled/broken person but kept hoping that she would outgrow these problems; I'm glad to know about this condition so I understand it's not a matter of just growing up and out of it.

Being around her, there were some fun times, but it was always with a constant monitoring of her mood to make sure she wasn't mysteriously upset by an innocent comment, glance, outfit, motion, etc. Talk about walking on eggshells - I couldn't even honestly review a book she'd given me because I didn't love it and knew the 2 star review would send her reeling for weeks! Most of our conversation was her complaining about everyone in her life, including the 7 jobs she moved through (that were all the ultimate terrible situation, of course), her family, and her few "best" friends. All interactions she had, even from folks serving her coffee at Peet's, were perceived as condescending, judging and patronizing. And she felt she was always right - could never apologize for anything - and couldn't ever see the situation through a different lens even when kindly prompted.

I am sad she's left my life, and will grieve losing a friend. But within a couple of days already I feel a profound relief to not have to walk on eggshells in every aspect of my life just to be friends with her. Relationships can be a lot of work, but they shouldn't have serious price tags attached to them. For those commenting who have lived through this with a loved one, my sympathies and encouragement to all of you! And for those who think they might have this, kudos to your honesty and best wishes for developing new thinking patterns. There are some great people and experiences in the world if you can let them in!
Tom
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Oct 15, 2012 @ 6:06 am
My wife suffers from PPD and my marriage became an absolute nightmare. After 36 years and 2 children (both adults) I had to call it quits and I left her. Absolute heartbreak - but it is better living without her than living with the constant accusations - she took me to the brink of suicide. But then the divorce started and 1 year later is still going on. Every single fact, figure or event she disputes (we were in business together) and I still cannot see light at the end of the tunnel. God help anybody living with somebody who suffers from PPD.
Vicky
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
HELLO to my friends out there i am testifying about the good work of a man who helped me. It has been hell from the day my husband left me, i am a woman with two kids, my problem started when the father of my kids travelled and after then i did not set my eyes on him again i tried calling his phone but he was not picking up my call after some weeks he called me telling me that he has found love some where else, at first i never knew he took it to be serious but the day after he came to the house to pick up his things that was the time i noticed that things are not the same as it used to be and i kept having hope that he will come back but things were going bad day by day and i needed to talk to someone about it so i went to his friend but there was no hope so i gave up on him, a month later i met a man on the the internet a spell caster i never believed in this but i needed my man back so i told the spell caster my problem at first and he assured me that i will get him back but i had to do what he told me to do and after three days my husband called me telling me that he his coming home i still do not believe but as at the sixth day the father to my kids came to the house asking me to forgive him, from that day i was happy with my family thanks to the esango priest of (abamieghe)esango priest he his a great man you need to try him you can as well tell him your problem so that he can be of help to you his contact email is this esangopriest@gmail.com indeed you are a priest thank you for making my home a happy home again. remember his email is esangopriest@gmail.com
jerry
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 2:14 pm
My Name is DANIEL JOHN, From UNITED KINGDOM. I wish to share my testimonies with the general public about what this man called DR. Ibhaze, He has just done for me , this man has just brought back my lost Ex WIFE to me with his great spell, I was married to this woman called KATE we were together for a long time and we loved our self’s but when I was unable to make her pregnant,she left me for 1 year and told me she can’t continue anymore then I was now looking for ways to get her back until a friend of mine told me about this man and gave me his contact email(DRIBHAZE@GMAEIL.COM) then you won't believe this when I contacted this man on my problems he prepared this spell cast and bring my lost wife back, and after a month I slept with her and she went for a test and the result stated she is pregnant am happy today am a father of a baby girl, thank you once again the great DR. IBHAZE for what you have done for me, if you are out there passing through any of this problems listed below:

1) If you want your ex back.
(2) if you always have bad dreams.
(3) You want to be promoted in your office.
(4) You want women/men to run after you.
(5) If you want a child.
(6) You want to be rich.
(7) You want to tie your husband/wife to be
yours forever.
(8) If you need financial assistance.
(9) Herbal care

CONTACT DR. IBHAZE IMMEDIATELY
Email...dribhaze@gmail.com. or contact him MOBILE: +2348073524272 or +2348034450772
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 5:17 pm
I want to share my testimony and my happiness with you all in this site, last year my husband left me for another woman in his working place and he abandon me and my 2kids, everything was so hard for me because i love him so much, so i saw the testimonies of PROPHE SULEMAN he has been helping ladies in getting there husband back so i contacted him and he help me to cast a return spell for my husband and in 3 days my husband left the other woman and he come back to me with so much love and caring. i will never forget this help that Prophet suleman gave to me and my children.if you are here you need help to get you lover back you can contact him through this email prophetsuleman@gmail.com, i am proud to be on his testimony page.
Zerlinda Stark
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
Is it possible to diagnose someone with paranoia at the age of 13? I think my sister may have it because she displays the symptoms, but I cant talk to her therapist because of doctor-patient confidentiality. Can you diagnose the condition at 13? Please help me, I need to know.
Andra Jean
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
i want to thank Dr Zaba for bringing back my ex husband, we broke up for more than 4 month and he told me that he never want to see me in his life again. i love him so much to the extend that i could not do any thing again, i was confused and depress due to the love i had for him.i did everything i could do to have him come back to me but all went in vain. so i decided to contact a spell caster, i did not believe in spell casting i just want to try it may be it would work out for me. i contacted Dr Zaba for help, he told me that he have to cast a love spell on him, i told him to start it. after 3 days my husband called me and started to apologize for leaving me and also he told me that he still love me. i was very happy and i thank Dr Zaba for helping me get back my ex husband back to my hands. his spell is the the greatest all over the world, it was the love spell he cast on my ex that make him come back to me. all you ladies who want back the ex husband back i want you to contact Dr Zaba at the following email address and get all your problem solve..No problem is too big for him to solve..Contact him direct at (ZABASPELLHELP@GMAIL.COM) OR (Zabaspellhelp@yahoo.com) and get your problems solve or you can call his cell pheno on +2348056391583
Jessy
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
During my search on the internet on how i can solve my relationship issue i came across article about Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE, Through Which my broken relationship with my ex lover was restored. I'm Jessy by name and my lover has left me for many years before i came in contact with Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE. After contacting Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE i narrated my story to him and Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE promised to help me get my lover back and i am telling you right now that my lover came back to me within 48 hours that Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE has cast the spell on him. Trust me the fastest way to restore your broken relationship is through Dr. EKPEN TEMPLE and you can contact him via mobile +2347050270218 or email at ekpentemple@gmail.com And for further proof of what i have just said then you can search on his name on the internet to see more about him.
Bianca
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Oct 23, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
my ex-boyfriend dumped me 8 months ago after I caught him of having an affair with someone else and insulting him. I want him back in my life but he refuse to have any contact with me. I was so confuse and don’t know what to do, so I visited the internet for help and I saw a testimony on how a spell caster (Dr Zack Balo) help them to get their ex back so I contact the spell caster (Dr Zack Balo) and explain my problems to him….. he cast a spell for me and assure me of 3 days that my ex will return to me and to my greatest surprise the third day my boyfriend came knocking on my door and beg for forgiveness. I am so happy that my love is back again and not only that, we are about to get married. Once again thank you for helping me to get my love back and your love spell is truely perfect, you are truly talented and gifted i will continue to publish your name on the net because of the good work you are doing.If you need his help contact him now through his email: wiseindividualspell@gmail.com.YOU CAN CONTACT HIM NOW AND GET YOUR PROBLEM SOLVED email: wiseindividualspell@gmail.com.
HELEN
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Oct 24, 2014 @ 5:05 am
I want to thank Dr Shiva for helping me to get my love back.My boyfriend broke up with me 2 months ago and told me he is not interested in me anymore and i want him back so badly that i went to the net and in searching for help and i saw so many good talk about this spell caster and i contact him and explain my problems to him and he cast a spell for me which i use to get my boyfiend back.If you need his help email: prophetsuleman@gmail.com
RHONA
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Oct 24, 2014 @ 8:08 am
i can't really believe that i am with my Ex-Husband back after when he broke up with me with 4 kids i thank Dr Atakpo of (dratakpospelltemple@gmail.com) for helping me getting back my man back, My Name is Mrs Rhona Cole i am from England and my man name is Mr Alan Cole, my happiness turn to bitterness,my joy turn to sorrow,my love turn to hate when my husband broke up with me last week,i was so frustrated and i could not know what next to do again, i was so unthinkable and i could not concentrate any more, i love my husband so much but he was cheating on me with another woman and this makes him broke up with me so that he can be able to get marry to the other lady and this lady i think cast a spell on my husband to make him hate me and my kids and this was so critical and uncalled-for,I cry all day and night for God to send me a helped to get back my man until i went to Westmoreland to see a friend and who was having he same problem with me but she latter got her Husband back and i asked her how she was able to get her husband back and she told me that their was a powerful spell caster in Africa name DR ATAKPO that he help with love spell in getting back lost lover's back and i decided to contacted the same Dr Atakpo and he told me what is needed to be done for me to have my man back and i did it although i doubted it but i did it and the Dr told me that i will get the result after 24hours, and he told me that my husband was going to call me by 9pm in my time and i still doubted his word, to my surprise my husband really called me and told me that he miss me so much Oh My God i was so happy, and today i am happily with my man again and we are joyfully living together as one good family and i thank the powerful spell caster Dr Atakpo of dratakpospelltemple@gmail.com, he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that good spell casters still exist and Dr Atakpo is one of the good spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are there and your lover is turning you down, or you have your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore contact the powerful spell caster Dr Atakpo on his email: dratakpospelltemple@gmail.com and he will answer you, i am a living testimony and i will continue to testify of his goodness in my family,he turn my family to paradise and today we are all happy together Dr Atakpo i say thank you in one million times thanks Dr.
Julie Mattie
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Oct 24, 2014 @ 11:11 am
My name is JULIE MATTIE. When i read a testimony online on how Dr aluda the great and most powerful spell caster online of great spell temple, i was wondering how can this be true, Because many has failed me in the past without any result from them. I just let the post pass by and move on the forum. To my notice under again, Some person posted and said tested and trusted spell caster. After reading through the mail it was this same Dr aluda she was talking about. So i have no other option than to really check up how he works. Thank him for making my wish come true! I was totally devastated when my beloved lover left me. It was like my entire world vanishing into sorrow and pain. I felt how sincere, honest and authentic he was from his first email. I know it sounds weird but out of all the spell casters I contacted, he was the only one to give me that impression of being so true and trustful. More than his words, it s the fantastic work he accomplished for me that I will keep in mind. He brought my lover back and he made all my wishes come true. my husband is now loyal to me, pays attention to me, he offers me flowers every Sunday, and we often go out at the cinema and the restaurant. I will be forever thankful for turning my life from hell to heaven! i believe who need help should get to him for help. TRULY SPEAKING THIS MAN IS REALLY A GREAT SPELL CASTER AS HE DID NOT FAIL ME BUT GRANT MY WISHES BY BRINGING MY HUSBAND BACK TO ME. if you are passing through any kind of difficult in your relationship email him and he will help you aludaspelltemple@gmail.com to get the problem solve, Because there is no spell caster online like him.
melisa banks
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Oct 24, 2014 @ 5:17 pm
I am melisa from u.s,i am very happy today because of what the great Dr guru has done in my life. I got married to my loving husband 2 years ago and we were living a happy life together as young couples and everything was moving on smoothly without any problem, 6 months later I went to the hospital for checkup and the doctor confirmed that I am three weeks pregnant with my heart filled with joy and my face full of smile and laughter I went home hurriedly to brake the good news to my dearly husband and he was very happy about the news and that night is a night I will always live to remember, to cut the story short after I have put to birth he was very happy, you have to see our bouncing baby boy, but along the line and all of a sudden he started keeping late night and going to club and doing things he don't use to do before, and one mourning I confronted him about his new attitude but he ignore my advice, but to my greatest surprise I discover my husband have a mistress in his working place and they were seeing each other after work hour. on one faithful night my husband came back home and started packing all his belongings and told me that he is tired of me that he is filing for a annulment not knowing that his mistress has cast love spell on him that was why he was acting strange so I told my friend happiness in my working place so she gave me this contact drgurulovespelltemple@gmail.com and ask me to contact him that he will help me to bring back my husband in noon less than three days so when I got home I contacted him and he told me that my husband is under a great love spell but he promise to help bring back my husband which he actually did within the period of three days. I was surprise to see my husband on one blessed mourning kneeling at my doorstep asking for my forgiveness saying it is the work of the devil that he did not know when he did what he has done and I forgive him and today we are living happily together. all thanks to great Dr. guru for his great help in my family for helping me to restore my lost joy to my family, in-case you have similar case or even worst than my own you can contact him with his EMAIL ADDRESS: drgurulovespelltemple@gmail.com
jennifer
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 3:03 am
BEWARE OF THESE SCAMS!!! DR TANASIA JOBS IS THE ONLY SPELL CASTER TO TRUST!( tanasiajobs210@gmail.com) will be of great help to you.
I never believed in spell casting but After 4 years of dating my hobby, he left me because I lost my womb . I felt like my life has come to an end, I almost committed suicide, i was emotionally down for a very long time. Thanks to the spell caster called Dr Tanaisa whom i met online after my friend Tracy told me about how he helped her. She testified about how Dr Malawi brought back her Ex in less than 3 days and reversed the effect of her lost womb, and at the end of her testimony she dropped Dr Tanaisa's email address. I decided to give Dr Tanaisa a try. I contacted her via email and explained my problems to her. In just 3 days, my Hubby came begging. We resolved our issues, and we are even happier than before, am pregnant now to God be the glory. Dr Tanaisa is really a gifted man and i will not stop publishing him because he is a wonderful woman... Come to think of it I didn't pay much and all I have to do is send him little 250 dollars which he used in providing the materials used for the spell. Even my pastor said that God works mysteriously, that some women are used by God to help others. If you have a problem and you are looking for a real and genuine spell caster to solve all your problems for you. Contact Dr Tanaisa anytime, she is the answer to your problems. Here's her contact (tanasiajobs210@gmail.com)
joy
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 6:06 am
I was crushed when my lover of three years left to be with another woman. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help.And i saw a testimony of a spell caster who help a girl called michelle and i said let me give it a try so i contact him for help and he cast a love spell for me which i use in getting my love back and now i am a happy woman.For what you have done for me,i will not stop to share your goodness to people out there for the good work you are doing.I hope God bless you as much as you have help me to get my Love back,visit him on LAVENDERLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM is better you call him +2347053977842
adams
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 2:14 pm
Bella After being in relationship with Adams for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by reffering him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email:
drabumerespellhome@gmail.com you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CAN NEVER STOP TALKING ABOUT YOU SIR HIS EMAIL ADDRESS IS:dr
abumerespellhome@gmail.com CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEM
Emily
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 7:19 pm
I am Natasha Cornie form Cyprus, i want to testify of how i got back my boyfriend after breakup, I and my boyfriend have been together for 3years, I love him so much, recently he accused me of cheating on him with a friend of mine, i did all i could to make him understand i wasnt cheating but all went to no avail and it eventually led to break up, i was emotionally divastated and frustrated because i loved him so much until i saw a post on a love forum about a spell caster who helps people re-unite broken relationships and marraiges, at first i doubted it but decided to give it a try, when i contacted the spell caster via email, he helped me cast a re-union spell and my boyfriend came back to me within 72hours apologising. Contact this great spell caster today for your relationship or marriage problems via email ikedispiritualtemple@gmail.com Goodluck
sonita
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
First of all, Am just short of words I don't know what to say, am so grateful to prophet suleman for what he has done for me. At first I thought he was a scam like two others that I worked with, but I just decided to contact him then he told me that my lover will be back home within 72 hours. When the 72 hours completed my husband called me and said he was sorry for the frequent argument and fight, I was so happy that my husband who left me for over 2 years called me. Now we are together he can't do without me, he always wants me to be by his side and he just bough me a new car. If you want to contact him for help, his email is prophetsuleman@gmail.com.
maria
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
I Believe that the time has come that everybody will recognize doctorogul has the only best spell caster because he is reliable and his spell is very effective within the period of 48 hours you can be guaranteed that your lover will return to you. One funny thing that happened when doctorogul@gmail.com casted a spell on my lover that made my lover returned to me was that my lover was on his kneels pleading for forgiveness this is something he has never done since eight months that we have been dating before we had a crash. But i am so happy that doctorogul brought my lover back to me and my lover is now more romantic than ever before, I will be doctorogul the contact information of this powerful spell caster called doctorogul CONTACT INFORMATION ARE: EMAIL: doctorogul@gmail.com
maria
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
I Believe that the time has come that everybody will recognize doctorogul has the only best spell caster because he is reliable and his spell is very effective within the period of 48 hours you can be guaranteed that your lover will return to you. One funny thing that happened when doctorogul@gmail.com casted a spell on my lover that made my lover returned to me was that my lover was on his kneels pleading for forgiveness this is something he has never done since eight months that we have been dating before we had a crash. But i am so happy that doctorogul brought my lover back to me and my lover is now more romantic than ever before, I will be doctorogul the contact information of this powerful spell caster called doctorogul CONTACT INFORMATION ARE: EMAIL: doctorogul@gmail.com
Lachaindra Foster
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Oct 25, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
Am vera morgan i want to thank Dr. DR EBOEHI for getting my lover back to me within 48 hours. When my lover left me i was so tired and frustrated till i search the internet for help and i saw so many good talk about Dr. DR EBOEHI of (supernaturalspelltemple@ gmail. com) and i decided to give him a try and i contact him and explain my problems to him and he cast a love spell for me which i use to get my husband back. If you want to get your lover back contact DR EBOEHI via email: (supernaturalspelltemple@ gmail. com DR EBOEHI the great man that is able to bring back my lost love.
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Oct 26, 2014 @ 12:00 am
I am DR SUNNY, I welcome you all to my world of spiritual temple of solution i want to assure you that what so ever you contacted me for will come to pass with the powers of my ancestors. i want to let you know that i am here to help you in any problem you might be facing, i have been in the field of helping people for over 55years now, i want to let you know that i have helped solving over 7000 people with so many problems in different countries and they have never stopped calling me to thank me for the good work i have done for them. My good work has spread to so many countries, why, is because they have seen my good work and they helped me spread it all over to the whole world. I want to let you know that the moment you contact me just consider all your problems solved because i know that once i commence on your spell work you are going to testify to the whole world here,Email me via address. drsunnydsolution1@gmail.com

Are you passing through any of these problems,

DO YOU NEED YOUR EX BACK VERY FAST

DON YOU WANT YOUR LOVER TO LOVE YOU AS NEVER LIKE BEFORE

ARE YOU SUFFERING FROM A LONG TIME SICKNESS

ARE YOU FACING FINANCIAL PROBLEMS

ARE YOU SEEKING FOR A GOOD JOB

DO YOU WANT TO BECOME A HOUSE OWNER

ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A FIRST CLASS GRADE

DO YOU WANT TO COME OUT FIRST IN YOUR EXAMS

ARE YOU A STAR AND YOU WANT TO BE SO POPULAR TO THE WHOLE WORLD

DO YOU WANT TO BE RICH

DO YOU WANT YOUR BUSINESS TO KEEP MOVING

DO YOU HAVE A COMPANY OF ANY KIND AND YOU WANT IT TO EXPAND

DO YOU WANT YOUR HUSBAND OR WIFE TO KEEP TO YOUR WORLD

ARE YOU FACING ANY MARITAL PROBLEMS

ARE YOU FINDING IT DIFFICULT TO GET PREGNANT FOR YOUR HUSBAND

ARE YOU EXPERIENCING MISCARRIAGES ANY TIME YOU TAKE IN

DO YOU WANT TO COMPETE IN ANY LOTTERY GAME

ARE YOU FACING HARDSHIP

HAVE YOU BEEN THREATENED BY SOMEONE

DO YOU WANT TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN ANY THING YOU LAY YOUR HANDS ON

IS YOUR SON OR DAUGHTER BEHAVING STRANGELY

ARE YOU FACING WITCH CRAFT MANIPULATIONS

DO YOU WANT TO CAST A STRONG LOVE SPELL ON YOUR GIRL OR BOY FRIEND

DO YOU NEED MAGIC POWERS TO DO ANY THING YOU WANT

ARE YOU FINDING IT DIFFICULT TO CHOOSE A LIFE PARTNER

DO YOU WANT YOUR PARENTS TO BE PROUD OF YOU

ARE YOU EXPERIENCING FAILURE AND DISAPPOINTMENT IN ANY THING YOU DO.(ETC)
drsunnydsolution1@gmail.com or call his with this number +2348077620669

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