Paranoid personality disorder



Paranoid Personality Disorder 786
Photo by: Andrew Lever

Definition

People with paranoid personality disorder (PPD) have long-term, widespread and unwarranted suspicions that other people are hostile, threatening or demeaning. These beliefs are steadfastly maintained in the absence of any real supporting evidence. The disorder, whose name comes from the Greek word for "madness," is one of ten personality disorders described in the 2000 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , (the fourth edition, text revision or DSM-IVTR ), the standard guidebook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental disorders.

Despite the pervasive suspicions they have of others, patients with PPD are not delusional (except in rare, brief instances brought on by stress ). Most of the time, they are in touch with reality, except for their misinterpretation of others' motives and intentions. PPD patients are not psychotic but their conviction that others are trying to "get them" or humiliate them in some way often leads to hostility and social isolation.

Description

People with PPD do not trust other people. In fact, the central characteristic of people with PPD is a high degree of mistrustfulness and suspicion when interacting with others. Even friendly gestures are often interpreted as being manipulative or malevolent. Whether the patterns of distrust and suspicion begin in childhood or in early adulthood, they quickly come to dominate the lives of those suffering from PPD. Such people are unable or afraid to form close relationships with others.

They suspect strangers, and even people they know, of planning to harm or exploit them when there is no good evidence to support this belief. As a result of their constant concern about the lack of trustworthiness of others, patients with this disorder often have few intimate friends or close human contacts. They do not fit in and they do not make good "team players." Interactions with others are characterized by wariness and not infrequently by hostility. If they marry or become otherwise attached to someone, the relationship is often characterized by pathological jealousy and attempts to control their partner. They often assume their sexual partner is "cheating" on them.

People suffering from PPD are very difficult to deal with. They never seem to let down their defenses. They are always looking for and finding evidence that others are against them. Their fear, and the threats they perceive in the innocent statements and actions of others, often contributes to frequent complaining or unfriendly withdrawal or aloofness. They can be confrontational, aggressive and disputatious. It is not unusual for them to sue people they feel have wronged them. In addition, patients with this disorder are known for their tendency to become violent.

Despite all the unpleasant aspects of a paranoid lifestyle, however, it is still not sufficient to drive many people with PPD to seek therapy. They do not usually walk into a therapist's office on their own. They distrust mental health care providers just as they distrust nearly everyone else. If a life crisis, a family member or the judicial system succeeds in getting a patient with PPD to seek help, therapy is often a challenge. Individual counseling seems to work best but it requires a great deal of patience and skill on the part of the therapist. It is not unusual for patients to leave therapy when they perceive some malicious intent on the therapist's part. If the patient can be persuaded to cooperate— something that is not easy to achieve— low-dose medications are recommended for treating such specific problems as anxiety, but only for limited periods of time.

If a mental health care provider is able to gain the trust of a patient with PPD, it may be possible to help the patient deal with the threats that they perceive. The disorder, however, usually lasts a lifetime.

Causes and symptoms

Causes

No one knows what causes paranoid personality disorder, although there are hints that familial factors may influence the development of the disorder in some cases. There seem to be more cases of PPD in families that have one or more members who suffer from such psychotic disorders as schizophrenia or delusional disorder .

Other possible interpersonal causes have been proposed. For example, some therapists believe that the behavior that characterizes PPD might be learned. They suggest that such behavior might be traced back to childhood experiences. According to this view, children who are exposed to adult anger and rage with no way to predict the outbursts and no way to escape or control them develop paranoid ways of thinking in an effort to cope with the stress. PPD would emerge when this type of thinking becomes part of the individual's personality as adulthood approaches.

Studies of identical (or monozygotic) and fraternal (or dizygotic) twins suggest that genetic factors may also play an important role in causing the disorder. Twin studies indicate that genes contribute to the development of childhood personality disorders, including PPD. Furthermore, estimates of the degree of genetic contribution to the development of childhood personality disorders are similar to estimates of the genetic contribution to adult versions of the disorders.

Symptoms

A core symptom of PPD is a generalized distrust of other people. Comments and actions that healthy people would not notice come across as full of insults and threats to someone with the disorder. Yet, generally, patients with PPD remain in touch with reality; they don't have any of the hallucinations or delusions seen in patients with psychoses. Nevertheless, their suspicions that others are intent on harming or exploiting them are so pervasive and intense that people with PPD often become very isolated. They avoid normal social interactions. And because they feel so insecure in what is a very threatening world for them, patients with PPD are capable of becoming violent. Innocuous comments, harmless jokes and other day-to-day communications are often perceived as insults.

Paranoid suspicions carry over into all realms of life. Those burdened with PPD are frequently convinced that their sexual partners are unfaithful. They may misinterpret compliments offered by employers or coworkers as hidden criticisms or attempts to get them to work harder. Complimenting a person with PPD on their clothing or car, for example, could easily be taken as an attack on their materialism or selfishness.

Because they persistently question the motivations and trustworthiness of others, patients with PPD are not inclined to share intimacies. They fear such information might be used against them. As a result, they become hostile and unfriendly, argumentative or aloof. Their unpleasantness often draws negative responses from those around them. These rebuffs become "proof" in the patient's mind that others are, indeed, hostile to them. They have little insight into the effects of their attitude and behavior on their generally unsuccessful interactions with others. Asked if they might be responsible for negative interactions that fill their lives, people with PPD are likely to place all the blame on others.

A brief summary of the typical symptoms of PPD includes:

  • suspiciousness and distrust of others
  • questioning hidden motives in others
  • feelings of certainty, without justification or proof, that others are intent on harming or exploiting them
  • social isolation
  • aggressiveness and hostility
  • little or no sense of humor

Demographics

As of 2002, it has not been possible to determine the number of people with PPD with any accuracy. This lack of data might be expected for a disorder that is characterized by extreme suspiciousness. Such patients in many cases avoid voluntary contact with such people as mental health workers who have a certain amount of power over them. There are, nonetheless, some estimates of the prevalence of PPD. According to the DSM-IV-TR , between 0.5% and 2.5% of the general population of the United States may have PPD, while 2%–10% of outpatients receiving psychiatric care may be affected. A significant percentage of institutionalized psychiatric patients, between 10% and 30%, might have symptoms that qualify for a diagnosis of PPD. Finally, the disorder appears to be more common in men than in women.

There are indications in the scientific literature that relatives of patients with chronic schizophrenia may have a greater chance of developing PPD than people in the general population. Also, the incidence of the disorder may be higher among relatives of patients suffering from another psychotic disorder known as delusional disorder of the persecutory type.

Diagnosis

There are no laboratory tests or imaging studies as of 2002 that can be used to confirm a diagnosis of PPD. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of the doctor's interview with the patient, although the doctor may also give the patient a diagnostic questionnaire. In addition, input from people who know the patient may be requested.

Diagnostic criteria

Mental health care providers look for at least five distinguishing symptoms in patients who they think might suffer from PPD. The first is a pattern of suspiciousness about, and distrust of, other people when there is no good reason for either. This pattern should be present from at least the time of the patient's early adulthood.

In addition to this symptom that is required in order to make the PPD diagnosis, the patient should have at least four of the following seven symptoms as listed in the DSM-IV-TR :

  • The unfounded suspicion that people want to deceive, exploit or harm the patient.
  • The pervasive belief that others are not worthy of trust or that they are not inclined to or capable of offering loyalty.
  • A fear that others will use information against the patient with the intention of harming him or her. This fear is demonstrated by a reluctance to share even harmless personal information with others.
  • The interpretation of others' innocent remarks as insulting or demeaning; or the interpretation of neutral events as presenting or conveying a threat.
  • A strong tendency not to forgive real or imagined slights and insults. People with PPD nurture grudges for a long time.
  • An angry and aggressive response in reply to imagined attacks by others. The counterattack for a perceived insult is often rapid.
  • Suspicions, in the absence of any real evidence, that a spouse or sexual partner is not sexually faithful, resulting in such repeated questions as "Where have you been?" "Whom did you see?" etc., and other types of jealous behavior.

Differential diagnosis

Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists should be careful not to confuse PPD with other mental disorders or behaviors that have some symptoms in common with the paranoid personality. For example, it is important to make sure that the patient is not a long-term user of amphetamine or cocaine. Chronic abuse of these stimulants can produce paranoid behavior. Also, some prescription medications might produce paranoia as a side effect; so it is important to find out what drugs, if any, the patient is taking.

There are other conditions that, if present, would mean a patient with paranoid traits does not have PPD. For example, if the patient has symptoms of schizophrenia, hallucinations or a formal thought disorder, a diagnosis of PPD can't be made. The same is true of delusions, which are not a feature of PPD.

Also, the suspiciousness and other characteristic features of PPD must have been present in the patient for a long time, at least since early adulthood. If the symptoms appeared more recently than that, a person can't be given a diagnosis of this disorder.

There are at least a dozen disorders or other mental health conditions listed in the DSM-IV-TR that could be confused with PPD after a superficial interview because they share similar or identical symptoms with PPD. It is important, therefore, to eliminate the following entities before settling on a diagnosis of PPD: paranoid schizophrenia; schizotypal personality disorder ; schizoid personality disorder ; persecutory delusional disorder; mood disorder with psychotic features; symptoms and/or personality changes produced by disease, medical conditions, medication or drugs of abuse; paranoia linked to the development of physical handicaps; and borderline, histrionic, avoidant, antisocial or narcissistic personality disorders.

In some individuals, symptoms of PPD may precede the development of schizophrenia. Should a patient who as been correctly diagnosed with PPD later develop schizophrenia, the DSM-IV-TR suggests that the diagnosis on the patient's medical record be changed from "Paranoid Personality Disorder" to "Paranoid Personality Disorder (Premorbid)."

Treatments

Because they are suspicious and untrusting, patients with PPD are not likely to seek therapy on their own. A particularly disturbing development or life crisis may prompt them to get help. More often, however, the legal system or the patient's relatives order or encourage him or her to seek professional treatment. But even after a patient finally agrees or is forced to seek treatment, the nature of the disorder poses very serious challenges to therapists.

Psychotherapy

The primary approach to treatment for such personality disorders as PPD is psychotherapy . The problem is that patients with PPD do not readily offer therapists the trust that is needed for successful treatment. As a result, it has been difficult to gather data that would indicate what kind of psychotherapy would work best. Therapists face the challenge of developing rapport with someone who is, by the nature of his personality disorder, distrustful and suspicious; someone who often sees malicious intent in the innocuous actions and statements of others. The patient may actively resist or refuse to cooperate with others who are trying to help.

Mental health workers treating patients with PPD must guard against any show of hostility on their part in response to hostility from the patient, which is a common occurrence in people with this disorder. Instead, clinicians are advised to develop trust by persistently demonstrating a nonjudgmental attitude and a professional desire to assist the patient.

It is usually up to the therapist alone to overcome a patient's resistance. Group therapy that includes family members or other psychiatric patients, not surprisingly, isn't useful in the treatment of PPD due to the mistrust people with PPD feel towards others. This characteristic also explains why there are no significant self-help groups dedicated to recovery from this disorder. It has been suggested, however, that some people with PPD might join cults or extremist groups whose members might share their suspicions.

To gain the trust of PPD patients, therapists must be careful to hide as little as possible from their patients. This transparency should include note taking; details of administrative tasks concerning the patient; correspondence; and medications. Any indication of what the patient would consider "deception" or covert operation can, and often does, lead the patient to drop out of treatment. Patients with paranoid tendencies often don't have a well-developed sense of humor; those who must interact with people with PPD probably should not make jokes in their presence. Attempts at humor may seem like ridicule to people who feel so easily threatened.

With some patients, the most attainable goal may be to help them to learn to analyze their problems in dealing with other people. This approach amounts to supportive therapy and is preferable to psychotherapeutic approaches that attempt to analyze the patient's motivations and possible sources of paranoid traits. Asking about a patient's past can undermine the treatment of PPD patients. Concentrating on the specific issues that are troubling the patient with PPD is usually the wisest course.

With time and a skilled therapist, the patient with PPD who remains in therapy may develop a measure of trust. But as the patient reveals more of his paranoid thoughts, the clinician will continue to face the difficult task of balancing the need for objectivity about the paranoid ideas and the maintenance of a good rapport with the patient. The therapist thus walks a tightrope with this type of patient. If the therapist is not straightforward enough, the patient may feel deceived. If the therapist challenges paranoid thoughts too directly, the patient will be threatened and probably drop out of treatment.

Medications

While individual supportive psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for PPD, medications are sometimes used on a limited basis to treat related symptoms. If, for example, the patient is very anxious, anti-anxiety drugs may be prescribed. In addition, during periods of extreme agitation and high stress that produce delusional states, the patient may be given low doses of antipsychotic medications.

Some clinicians have suggested that low doses of neuroleptics should be used in this group of patients; however, medications are not normally part of long-term treatment for PPD. One reason is that no medication has been proven to relieve effectively the long-term symptoms of the disorder, although the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as fluoxetine (Prozac) have been reported to make patients less angry, irritable and suspicious. Antidepressants may even make symptoms worse. A second reason is that people with PPD are suspicious of medications. They fear that others might try to control them through the use of drugs. It can therefore be very difficult to persuade them to take medications unless the potential for relief from another threat, such as extreme anxiety, makes the medications seem relatively appealing. The best use of medication may be for specific complaints, when the patient trusts the therapist enough to ask for relief from particular symptoms.

Prognosis

Paranoid personality disorder is often a chronic, lifelong condition; the long-term prognosis is usually not encouraging. Feelings of paranoia, however, can be controlled to a degree with successful therapy. Unfortunately, many patients suffer the major symptoms of the disorder throughout their lives.

Prevention

With little or no understanding of the cause of PPD, it is not possible to prevent the disorder.

See also Paranoia

Resources

BOOKS

Allen, Thomas E., Mayer C. Liebman, Lee Crandall Park, and William C. Wimmer. A Primer on Mental Disorders: A Guide for Educators, Families, and Students. Lantham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th edition, text revised. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,2000.

Beers, Mark H., and Robert Berkow, eds. "Personality disorders." In The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th edition. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 1999.

Frances, Allen. Your Mental Health: A Layman's Guide to the Psychiatrist's Bible. New York, NY: Scribner, 1999.

Kernberg, Paulina F., Alan S. Weiner and Karen K. Bardenstein. Personality Disorders in Children and Adolescents. 1st edition. New York, NY: Basic Books,2000.

PERIODICALS

Coolidge, F. L., L. L. Thede and K. L. Jang. "Heritability of personality disorders in childhood: A preliminary investigation." Journal of Personality Disorders 15, no. 1 (Feb.2001): 33-40.

Webb, C. T. and D. F. Levinson. "Schizotypal and paranoid personality disorder in the relatives of patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders: A review." Schizophrenia Research 11, no. 1 (Dec. 1993): 81-92.

ORGANIZATIONS

American Psychiatric Association. 1400 K Street NW, Washington D.C. 20005. <http://www.psych.org> .

International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders. 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478. <http://www.isspd.com/> .

National Mental Health Association. 1021 Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-2971. <http://www.nmha.org/> .

OTHER

Beers, Mark H., and Robert Berkow, eds. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 1995-2002. (cited March 12,2002). < http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/section15/chapter191/191a.htm> .

Ekleberry, Sharon, C., Dual Diagnosis and the Paranoid Personality Disorder. The Dual Diagnosis Pages. 25 March 2000. (cited 19 March 2002). <http://www.toad.net/~arcturus/dd/paranoid.htm> .

Grohol, John M. "Paranoid Personality Disorder." Psych Central. 1 March 2002. (cited 16 March 2002). <http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx37t.htm> .

Dean A. Haycock, Ph.D.



User Contributions:

John
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Mar 10, 2009 @ 7:07 am
Very well written article. It pretty much describes me perfectly except I do have a sense of humor and insight into my condition. My main problem is I'm always very uncomfortable with people looking at me. It is a serious condition that can lead to pure rage and a very violent outcome. The mental pounding is relentless and can render you damn near agoraphobic. I'm a goddamn genious, I just can't beat it.
curt
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Mar 14, 2009 @ 8:08 am
I read the first guys comment and I had to look at the intitials at the end cause I thought that I had wrote it myself.
Yeah, I agree this is a very good article. Just the same with me, a light went off and I was blown away. Just like it was written for me. It is a painful, painful experience. Especially when she was the greatest person in the world and just the most perfect member of our church. I am telling you, when she is in church and turns her will over to a higher power, she is normal. She fell away, started on drugs and ended up beating the shit out of me and throwing me out. Pretty scary. I was in Australia and had to come home cause it had gotten so bad and I had no clue what it was or why. I eventually myself became very hurt and beat up. I nearly lost myself through the experience. She has never so much as called me since I got back. I have her password to her E-mail and she only checked it once way back six months ago. Just recently she wrote me that I am a liar and that she isn't attracted to me at all, actually turned off by me. ANd that it is over and we will never be together....

Wish everybody luck with this, this has been a night mare,..

ps. her mom is the same way and her mom was sexually abused as a child. Just for info.
Tricia Hysell
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Aug 18, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
This information was helpful but I'm curous that if the person is a chronic alchhol drinker and marajuana user how big is the effect that they play in this disorder and where can I find information relating alcohol and marajuana to this condition. It would help if I had proof to convince others of the problem. If you can help me out I would greatly appreciate it.
Thanks Tricia
David
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Nov 30, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
my partner seems to associate any innocent event such as a text message send / receive disparity is seen as a sign of lying or possible infidelelity. Even when confronted with the irrefutable evidence, ie i show her the mobile detail side by side, its dismissed as We get into serious confrontation over say my whereabouts, and when i actually prove the facts i am told i'm making a mountain out of a molehill! It just seems a lose lose situation, and I'm now resigned just to go along with whatever accusation is made. I'm ok with it at the moment but so worried that this will detriorate over time. Is this PPD where coincidences become conspiracy?
demitria
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Dec 15, 2009 @ 7:07 am
My sister has this disorder and life with her is miserable. She destroys everyone she gets close to, and everyone is out to demean her or make her look stupid, disrespect her, humiliate her. She focuses on social hierarchies as though they determine everyone's actions towards her, no matter how irrelevant, and can take a simple, innocent comment by someone and spin it into the most vile conniving ulterior motive you could ever imagine. It actually feels like she missed her calling as a fiction writer, only the connections are so loose it is maddening, and sad. Some of the other comments don't seem to understand that not only are these people jealous, they are control-freaks in every area, and they spew horrible contrived and elaborate false plots day and night about the people around them. It can be months before she attacks me again, but I know it will come, and in the meantime, being around her is so difficult because she never stops relating all of the imaginary slights everyone else has committed against her. Her marriage is almost over, she has no friends, and she hates her mother, father, and her siblings. The only people who are safe are people she has never met, and she imagines she just hasn't found the right friends and associates yet. Sadly, she never will.
MOM
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Jan 28, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I think this is what I have! I have spent countless hours trying to figure out me defect! Tell me what you think
Mel
jen
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Jan 29, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I am convinced my sister has severe PPD. She has self-imploded and her life is spiraling out of control. She constantly is shutting people out of her life, mostly me, however at the moment she is heavily relying on me to be her friend since she has very few friends or people to talk to at the moment.She has reverted to living in the 80's, listening to only 80's music with the exception of "crazy" which she is obsessed with listening to, reconnecting with x-friends from high school on facebook, etc. I am TERRIFIED to suggest she gets help for fear she will shut me out again after barely speaking to me for the past few years. I love her more than anything on this earth-is there ANYTHING that any of you have been able to do to get your loved one help?
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May 2, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
I feel so sad for all the testimonies I just read - knowing that I too am putting my husband through hell with all my accusations. I do okay for months at a time and then all of a sudden I'm convinced he's having an affair. I'll create a whole story in my mind and then I'll war against the fictional story as if my life depends on it.

I've even accused my husband of sexually abusing our son. Ironically I know none of this is happening. But I can't stop the thoughts and I can't stop acting on them.
Unlike other people with this disorder, I do very well socially. I have many wonderful friends and always think the best of them and expect the best of them. I also give them the best I have. Why my paranoia is isolated to my husband only is beyond me.

I appreciate all the comments I've read thus far. I feel very empathetic towards my husband right now, as well as apologetic.
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Jun 13, 2010 @ 2:02 am
This describes me in a way, I'm not always paranoid at times I can be a very relaxed person.. Then again I can be Suspicious, my sense of humor is horrible and I misinterpret a simple hello at times this makes me almost want to cry.. I'm willing to seek help I don't want this to escalate any further.. Please email me..
amina
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Jul 1, 2010 @ 2:02 am
Very well written article. It pretty much describes me perfectly except I do have a sense of humor and insight into my condition. My main problem is I'm always very uncomfortable with people looking at me. It is a serious condition that can lead to pure rage and a very violent outcome. The mental pounding is relentless and can render you damn near agoraphobic. I'm a goddamn genious, I just can't beat it.
Kitty
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Aug 12, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
This is exactly my husband perfectly described! I don't know what to do anymore or how I'm going to cope with it either. I love him dearly, but I can't deal with constant accusations that I'm hiding things from him, I'm cheating on him, and that I'm manipulating him. He usually keeps most of it to himself, mulling it over while he's alone at his boring job, then when he's had a couple of drinks, "Bam" it all just explodes into a session of ranting and accusations and me in tears (the ranting even goes on to himself when he goes outside for a cigarette, I can hear him). I am beside myself with what to do or even how to deal with this anymore. I get so hurt by the constant doubting of my intentions and actions, apparently all I ever do is sit and work out how I can manipulate him and deceive him. It's very hurtful :(
Silance
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Sep 14, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
Wow. This is my mother. I grew up with this behaviour. And up until 25 or so, I saw the world the same way. A suicide attempt landed me in psychiatric care for five months. I was never diagnosed with PPD, but spent the whole time in hospital in therapy for my other problems and I've been okay since.

My mother, sadly, is still behaving the same way. We haven't had any contact in a very long time.
Crazy4u
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Feb 14, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
I've met numerous people in my life. A little fraction of them were showing a terrible personality. They were always thinking negative that made me think bad about them. So, of course, I isolated/detached myself from people that are hard to be with. I keep people that I get along with. I know they need somebody like me.
Charity
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Apr 5, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
This article describes my mother exactly. She has always had issues, but somehow managed to raise 5 children on her own. My dad did come around and help some, but he couldn't be around her for too long. I am the youngest and was the last one to move out of the house. Since I left 10 years ago she has gone down hill drastically. She doesn't think she has a problem and refuses to get help. She just says "we're a family and family's should help each other and pray together". This is hard for me because I'm at my wits end with her. I've prayed and been as supportive as possible. I've let her live with me 2 different times. I love her and want her to be ok, but I am ready to tell her not to come around anymore. I have to kids and I don't want them to hear all the accusations she makes about EVERYONE. I've been told that I'm supposed to go along with her paranoid rants and pretend like I believe her. Is this true? I can't do it anymore. When I don't go along with it or I ask her to quit saying stuff infront of my kids she becomes angry and threatining. What should I do?
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Jun 25, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
People with paranoid personality disorder (PPD) have long-term, widespread and unwarranted suspicions that other people are hostile, threatening or demeaning. These beliefs are steadfastly maintained in the absence of any real supporting evidence. The disorder, whose name comes from the Greek word for "madness," is one of ten personality disorders described in the 2000 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , (the fourth edition, text revision or DSM-IVTR ), the standard guidebook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental disorders.
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Jun 25, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
I WAS WONDERING IF PPD ARE THEY CAPABIE OF HURTING A CHILD,MY SON-IN-LAW KEVIN HAS TOOKEN MY GRANDBABY AWAY FROM SEEING OR VISIT WITH ME AND HE HAS PPD SO HE IS MEAN AND SAYS HURTFUL THINGS TO ME AND OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS.HE NEVER LEAVES THE HOUSE HE MAKES MY DAUGHTER WORK AND NEVER HAD O JOB.IM AFRAID HE WILL HURT MY GRANDSON I NEVER BEEN APART FROM HIM SINCE HE WAS BORN THATS SIX YEARS,SO PLEASE HELP ME SO I CAN SAVE MY GRANDSON,IM NOT WORRY ABOUT EMILY SHES JUST LIKE HIM (CRAZY).
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Aug 16, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
Hi,

Really this was a very illuminating article. I can empathize with all those people out there as I too went through such an experience personally. In the end I had to flee from him. I really loved him a lot and I still love him, but his constant suspicions, accusations, outbursts and abusive behavior was driving me crazy. I fled from this relationship two months before our marriage. I wish I could have helped him. But in the end I had no choice other than to save myself. He is a wonderful person except for his PPD. But I sensed that this disorder was becoming more and more chronic with each passing day. I hope there is someone out there who will be able to help him.
Paul
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Sep 2, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
Thank you for this information. This explains alot about Byran Gunther.
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Dec 16, 2011 @ 1:01 am
I really bless with you all, i have almost feeling very very confused about my boyfriends, i dont really know what to do with him. I knew him 8 month. I have such a great filling to him and also nice intimacy with him, I love him so much. But the only things i cant stand is PPD. I have no idea what to say what ever it is is so true that exactly they need a loving person are can stand for This. but my boyfriends no trust no one in this planet..

* Can you explain you comment more detail for me and easier to assorbert.. i need that explanation but i dont really sure, maybe can you give me example please.

thankyou so much for this. I hope i can move on without thingking about him. I wish i never meet him :(

I wish they can have better treatment too..

I'm sorry my engglish is not very good writing...
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Apr 25, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
My mother suffers from this disorder as well. For the longest time I thought that maybe it was schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, the was she would treat me, my brother, and my father. She would alienate me, and attack my faith, saying I was a terrible Christian, and I never understood why, until recently. She accused me and my father of having an affair. She wouldn't talk to me, make everyone dinner except for me, she wasn't a mother to me. I am still unsure why it has only come out now, my childhood was a happy one. But since last year, I have been bouncing around, living with my dad's mother, or traveling, so as to avoid the abuse, I'm only 17. Now, I'm living in France, and she isn't talking to my father, and he has finally decided to get a divorce. She accuses him of having affairs with old family friends, or my youth leaders. I can recognize now, away from the situation, that at one point, she was my mother, and at one point she loved me, but the illness has taken the person that I once loved. She is no longer my mother, my mother died when the illness came out. I hold nothing against who she now is, and wish her only the best, but I've done all that I can do, I've loved her all that I can. You all have done the same. You have all done the best. But at one point, the illness takes the person you loved. I'm not reccomending you leave, I'm not reccomending you stay. But you all need to at some point choose what is healthy for you.

Feel free to email me.
Charley
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May 9, 2012 @ 9:09 am
My ex-husband was PPD & he was impossible to live with. He constantly accused me of bogus activity ranging from my allegedly having multiple affairs to my allegedly spying on him.

Just one of those scenarios was (in his mind) that he thought I was electronically monitoring his Internet communications via a peer-to-peer wireless network which HE himself had set up & which I knew nothing about (I actually didn't have the capability or the knowledge to know how it worked.) He also told me the Chinese and the Russians were both remotely trying to access his laptop to enslave it as a spam-bot.

Further, at random times and for no reason, he accused me of trying to poison him via mayonnaise, of having sex with men at our own house & keeping souvenirs of those alleged trysts, of having affairs with the checkout boy, or having affairs with friends of mine from other countries or of being a lesbian and having sex with the local Blockbuster manger who was a woman.

In the early days of our marriage, when his best friend told me he was paranoid, I should have listened. Instead, I stayed thinking I could fix whatever it was that might have been wrong with him. I was wrong. PPD cannot be fixed. No way, no how.

It is difficult if not impossible to live with someone who has these ongoing destructive fantasies. His behavior was verbally abusive, emotionally highly manipulative and psychologically devastatingly damaging to our marriage.

I had no choice but to leave him for my own physical and psychological safety and sanity.
Kiera
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May 13, 2012 @ 12:00 am
My mother has this disorder, while she has not officially been diagnosed because she refuses to speak with therapists, the therapist for the rest of our family quickly recognized the symptoms. Overall, this article is very well written and helpful to those who have been living or ever come across someone who suffers from PPD.

PPD is not only damaging to the patient, but also to their friends and family. My mother is a very smart person who likes to do things for others. However, she is rarely like that, since she has PPD she uses her kindness to guilt and manipulate people. My parents divorced when I was very young, my father left because he could no longer deal with her constant negativity and guilt trips. Yet, he still sticks around and loves my brother and me, yet my mother only continued her ways, she was so paranoid that when my parents separated, and my father was out of the house, she took me into my dads old office and at the age of 11 and showed me pictures of "all the women my father had slept with". Later I found out that none of the things my mother were stressing about had even happened.

Time, seems to be no cure either, she still to this day tells me that I betray her. Since when I was 17, I moved to my father's house because she had become violent and continued to tell me that I was a betrayer since I love and care for my half siblings. This is a very difficult disease to handle!

I am currently a student of psychology and I hope to go into field where I can research these problems in people in order to find solutions. Mental/Personality disorders are very difficult though, they are called "personality" disorders because they have become part of how a person interprets and behaves in the world. The hardest things to ever change are ourselves, we only have our own reasoning, and when our reasoning has become damaging to us, how can we even know if we don't even have a clear lens to see ourselves through?
Sara
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Jun 4, 2012 @ 5:05 am
My sister in law has been diagnosed with PPD 6 months after her marriage . She also have the same symptoms of jealousy,mistrust and people conspiring against her. She also has a miscarage and i guess that trigerred her condition. She is on drugs these days and i dont know whether she will ever get better again. I wish and pray that she gets better but is it possible?
My brother is in tremendous stress due to her behaviour as she leaves house whenever she feels depressive. One thing i have also observed that these people are very selfish and never ever works against their personal interest.

I also want to know if there is any side effects to the pills they take?
Vivian
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Aug 10, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
How to help children of parents who have this disorder? Accusations, temper tantrams, mistrust, jealousy, etc. This has been the behaviour emulated in front of and towards the children. Consequently, they have little confidence, very uncertain in the responses and behavior. I feel helpless. They are my grandchildren and the parent is my daughter. Please send advice and/or suggestions. Thank you.
Chey.
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Aug 13, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
I think I have this disorder. I pretty much am the same as comment #2. The article describes me all the same except the sense of humor thing. I do have a sense of humor. Though sometimes if a friend or associate says a joke I don't understand I become suspicious of it, and what it really meant. I've always been a little suspicious of people, ever since I can remember. I suppose the time when it started to get "worse" I guess, or when I started to feel this way more, was 4th grade. Now I'm in high school and I'm afraid of how this will effect my success in life. Like when I go to college and get a job after I graduate.(Even though that's a couple years away) I just don't know how to control it.
fed up
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Aug 14, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
my older brother has this, but he would deny he does. At night he swears at people in his room, thinking everyone is following or copying him. He mumbles, rants, swears at everyone and everything.He says the most vile things to my parents and even to us his siblings. He has even been violent, his punched my dad and mum loads of times and even hit my little brother. I dont know what to do, whenever you book a drs appointment for him he knows its for this so doesnt go.
And then thinks we are out to get him. he is 26 yrs old and i dont think he will ever leave this house or get married, he doesnt trust anyone and always says stuff like 'oh if i was in charge i would deal with people, or i need a gang to join so i can sort people out'

I literally cant stand him anymore, my parents cant do anything to fix him coz he never goes drs. And they wont kick him out coz they say what will other people think. urghh and me and my little brother are stuck in the middle.
TK
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Sep 5, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Thank you so much for this article - a very close friend of mine recently ended our relationship in a fit of accusation and manipulation, and reading this article has saved my sanity! It perfectly explains her behavior and reassures me that this is a serious health issue and not that I was a bad friend. I knew she was a troubled/broken person but kept hoping that she would outgrow these problems; I'm glad to know about this condition so I understand it's not a matter of just growing up and out of it.

Being around her, there were some fun times, but it was always with a constant monitoring of her mood to make sure she wasn't mysteriously upset by an innocent comment, glance, outfit, motion, etc. Talk about walking on eggshells - I couldn't even honestly review a book she'd given me because I didn't love it and knew the 2 star review would send her reeling for weeks! Most of our conversation was her complaining about everyone in her life, including the 7 jobs she moved through (that were all the ultimate terrible situation, of course), her family, and her few "best" friends. All interactions she had, even from folks serving her coffee at Peet's, were perceived as condescending, judging and patronizing. And she felt she was always right - could never apologize for anything - and couldn't ever see the situation through a different lens even when kindly prompted.

I am sad she's left my life, and will grieve losing a friend. But within a couple of days already I feel a profound relief to not have to walk on eggshells in every aspect of my life just to be friends with her. Relationships can be a lot of work, but they shouldn't have serious price tags attached to them. For those commenting who have lived through this with a loved one, my sympathies and encouragement to all of you! And for those who think they might have this, kudos to your honesty and best wishes for developing new thinking patterns. There are some great people and experiences in the world if you can let them in!
Tom
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Oct 15, 2012 @ 6:06 am
My wife suffers from PPD and my marriage became an absolute nightmare. After 36 years and 2 children (both adults) I had to call it quits and I left her. Absolute heartbreak - but it is better living without her than living with the constant accusations - she took me to the brink of suicide. But then the divorce started and 1 year later is still going on. Every single fact, figure or event she disputes (we were in business together) and I still cannot see light at the end of the tunnel. God help anybody living with somebody who suffers from PPD.
Janice Paul
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Dec 10, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
Last month, it was my birthday, the anniversary of my late husband’s death, and a time when I experienced another loss in my family. I was in total depression also because the gentleman I had been seeing for nearly a year decided to cut ties with me. All this happened at the same time, and my heart was broken. Then I found Dr Marvel ’s website, and all my luck turned around – especially because the master did a wonderful spell of Love for me and my dearest companion, who decided he had made a terrible mistake by leaving me. We even took a much-needed vacation. It meant the world to me, and I have you to thank for it Dr Marvel. his email is extremespellhome@hotmail.com OR extremespellhome@gmail.com. You can contact Dr Marvel for any kind of help you need. Janice P.
jessiebender
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Dec 10, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
My husband has abandon me and the kids for the the past 8months now,
and refuse to come back because he was hold on by a woman whom he just met, for that, my self and the kids has been suffering and it has been heel of a struggle, but I decide to do all means to make sure that my family come together as it use to, then I went online there I saw so many good talk about this spell caster whose email is Holyspellcast@gmail.com Or Holyspellcast@yahoo.com so I had to contact him and explain my problem to him and in just 2days as he has promised, my husband came home and his behavior was back to the man i got married to. I cant thank the spell caster enough for what he did for me, i am so grateful and i will never stop to publish his name on the internet for the good work he has done for me,once again his email is Holyspellcast@gmail.com Or Holyspellcast@yahoo.com
mrs linda wilson
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 7:07 am
I'm Linda Wilson from usa. My husband left me for no reason on 13th of June 2010. He moved in with another woman, I felt like killing myself and I've tried so many spell casters but all to no avail.You can reach him on hisemail:rivertemplekingdom@gmail.com My life was very bitter and sorrowful. Then one day, a friend of mine told me about this spell caster called Great Aliyu who helped her on her own situation when her husband left her. But at first i didn't believe it because i've tested so many of them and it didn't work. she begged me further so I decided to try this spell caster called Great Aliyu. I contacted him and i told him my problems and gave him all the necessary information he required. He just laughed and told me never to worry that my husband will call me back in less than 6 days and i believed with faith, and after he has finished casting the spell my husband called me and started begging. He apologized and came back to me crying for a second chance. Today i and my husband live happily like never before. I can really say that this spell caster is powerful because of his work my husband is home again. I'm now a very happy woman and ever since he has shown me love like never before. Thank you Great Aliyu I will forever be grateful to you. You can reach him on his email: rivertemplekingdom@gmail.com he will solve any problem you are facing now. Just contact him and see his work. once again thank you Great Aliyu.
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 9:09 am
After being in relationship with him for 3 years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email is DRAISEDIONSPELLCASTER@GMAIL.COM you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or any other problem.
meachela
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 10:10 am
i want to say a very big thank you to this man called drzizi i dont have much to say but incase you are having issues with your relationship or facing problems with any kind of health issues you can contact this great man on drzizitemple@gmail.com or call him on +2348164509114
Thank you once again drzizi you have made my life worth living
meachela
uk
Tara Richard
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 7:19 pm
No one could have ever made me believe that the letter I'm about to write would actually one day be written. I was the world’s biggest sceptic. I never believed in magic spells or anything like that, but I was told by a reliable source (a very close co-worker) that Dr Marvel is a very dedicated, gifted, and talented person, and after much “cajoling,” she (my co-worker) got me to visit this website. It was one of the best things I have ever done. My love life was in shambles; I had been through two divorces and was on the brink of a third. I just couldn't face another divorce, and I wanted to try harder to make our relationship work, but my husband didn't seem to care. So, with nothing but my pride to lose, I checked it out. I was flabbergasted. Dr Marvel is for REAL. He did whatever magic he does, and lo and behold – no more than TWO DAYS later, I had my husband back! It was like a miracle! He suddenly wanted to go to marriage counselling, and we’re doing very, very well, on the road to recovery! Love and Many Blessings Back to You! Contact Dr Marvel through his email on extremespellhome@hotmail.com or extremespellhome@gmail.com
ken
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
Dr Agumagu is the only Dr who could ever get my HIV-AIDS cured with his healing spell, i have tried almost everything but i couldn’t find any solution on my disease, despite all these happening to me, i always spend a lot to buy HIV drugs from hospital and taking some several medications but no relieve, until one day i was just browsing on the internet when i come across a great post of !Nicole! who truly said that she was been diagnose with HIV and was healed that very week through the help of these great powerful healing spell doctor, sometime i really wonder why people called him Papa Dr Agumagu, i never knew it was all because of the great and perfect work that he has been doing that is causing all this. so i quickly contacted him, and he ask me some few questions and he said a thing i will never forget that anyone who contacted him is ! always getting his or her healing in just 6 hours after doing all he ask you, so i was amazed all the time i heard that from him, so i did all things only to see that at the very day which he said i will be healed, all the strength that has left me before rush back and i becomes very strong and healthy, this disease almost kills my life all because of me, so i will to hospital to give the final test to the disease and the doctor said i am HIV negative, i am very amazed and happy about the healing Dr Agumagu gave to me from the help of his ancient herbs if you have any question for me concerning all i have said email me at:(kenbouchard47@yahoo.com) But if you feel like contacting Dr Agumagu at once you can email him now for your own healing too at: (agumaguspelltemple@gmail.com) or call his phone number which is +2348158847627 for direct contact good luck
karen lola
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
Am Karen Lola from Scotland. I was having serious relationship problems with my boyfriend and it had resulted in him moving out to his friend’s apartment. Everything got worse because he started going to bars and strip clubs frequently with his friend, getting drunk and passing out. He always threatens me on phone whenever I call him because of all the bad advises that his friend has given him. I really love him and we had been dating for 8 years which gave us a beautiful daughter. I had also lost a lot of money on therapists until I was introduced to Dr. Trust by a friend whom he helped to marry her childhood boyfriend; this gave me total confidence and strength to get him back. I did all he asked and after 48 hours my boyfriend called me and rushed back home, things just changed between us emotionally. He has a job and stopped drinking and keeping irrelevant friends. It’s a miracle I never believed was possible because I had lost all hope until I found Dr.Trust. So that’s why I promised to share my testimony all over the universe. All thanks goes to Dr.Trust for the excessive work that he has done for me. Below is the email address in situation you are undergoing a heart break, and I assure you that as he has done mine for me, he will definitely help you too. Ultimatespellcast@gmail.com or ultimatespellcast@yahoo.com call him +2348156885231
walace
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
What can I say but ABSOLUTELY AMAZING! The spell i ordered from therapist Oniha email at winexbackspell@gmail.com did just as it said it would to my ex wife and even more,she is fully in my house now with love and respect,i am so happy she is back to me and my happiness home again. You are underestimating your spells my friend as they are more like miracles from Divinity. Blessing be with you and yours throughout life...

Thanks Therapist Oniha email him at winexbackspell@gmail.com and praise him for me. He must be an angel on earth to be able to turn my love around!
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 12:00 am
After being in relationship with him for 3 years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email is DRAISEDIONSPELLCASTER@GMAIL.COM you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or any other problem.
jessica
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 4:04 am
Hello,
Am Jessica by name My ex-boyfriend dumped me 6 months ago after I
accused him of seeing someone else and insulting him. I want him back in
my life but he refuse to have any contact with me.I was so confuse and
don't know what to do,
a friend of mine introduce me to Dr Ayelala by giving me his email, i never believed until
I contact him and explain my problem to him and he cast a spell for me and assure me after 3days that my ex will return
to me and to my greatest surprise the third day my ex came knocking on my
door and beg for forgiveness. I am so happy that my love is back again and not
only that,we got MARRIED.all thanks to Dr Ayelala. If you have a
similar problem please contact him on doctorspellsolution@hotmail.com
LydiaFred
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 10:10 am
I am Lydia Fred i lives in united states and i was in a serious relationship with my Ex Guy for 3 good years.. One day we were in a dinner party, we had a little misunderstanding which lead to a Quarrel and he stood up and left me at the dinner party. i try to call him but he was not picking my calls so after than i contacted my brother and told him about it,my brother so much love me that he had to see him on my behalf,he told my brother that it is over between us. I cry all day, Then i contacted a friend of mine that had this similar experience and she directed me to Dr.Azuka, and i contacted him and tell him my problems how i lost my relationship with my lover. at first i thought it was not going to be possible.i was ask to come up with a little requirement information of me and my Ex Guy,so i did what i was ask to do, after 24Hours the spell was cast i was in my office when my Ex Guy called me and was asking me to forgive him and come back to him. i was very surprise it was like a dream to me. my ex is now back and he treat me very good. and our relationship is now stronger ask ever before. if you are act there looking for help is time for you to still put your hope on dr. azuka love spell, i promise you that you will be happy with your ex again email him. Greatazukalovespell@gmail.com or greatazukalovespell@yahoo.com tell +2348071398555..
jessylynn harvey
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 3:15 pm
Hello, My name is Jessylynn harvey. i want to share to the whole world on how Dr Keke Odin the chief Priest of all the spell casters in India Helped me reunite my marriage. To cut the long story shot, after 2 years of break up with my Husband with no phone calls or email messages. i was so frustrated because i have contacted so many other spell casters with no results. when i read about Dr Keke Odin (The Chief Priest Of all the spell casters in India) on his website at so i decided to contact him for help. to my greatest surprise, in just 24 hours later my Husband called me and started begging for forgiveness. i am now a happy woman with a beautiful baby girl.all thanks to Dr Keke odin. You can contact Dr keke Odin On directly on his email at greatkekespelltemple@gmail.com or contact him through his website at . his help is assured and guaranteed once again email him directly at greatkekespelltemple@gmail.com
jessylynn harvey
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
Hello, My name is Jessylynn harvey. i want to share to the whole world on how Dr Keke Odin the chief Priest of all the spell casters in India Helped me reunite my marriage. To cut the long story shot, after 2 years of break up with my Husband with no phone calls or email messages. i was so frustrated because i have contacted so many other spell casters with no results. when i read about Dr Keke Odin (The Chief Priest Of all the spell casters in India) on his website at so i decided to contact him for help. to my greatest surprise, in just 24 hours later my Husband called me and started begging for forgiveness. i am now a happy woman with a beautiful baby girl.all thanks to Dr Keke odin. You can contact Dr keke Odin On directly on his email at greatkekespelltemple@gmail.com or contact him through his website at . his help is assured and guaranteed once again email him directly at greatkekespelltemple@gmail.com
nadine
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
My name is Nadine, I would tell everyone that I was able to end my topic of divorce and restore my marriage again, because I did not want it to happen. i do not know what came over my husband who was filling the divorce, I tried to convince me otherwise when I said and did not listen to me, I had no choice but to seek help from a caster and I am now glad I did. Because if it was not for the help of spell, I do not know what would have become of me now because he loved me so much that I could not stand him lose my husband. The spell worked like magic with form and so my husband began to change and show love instead of divorce he was planning. i too happy that everything is in place for me now. I would recommend using spell for anyone going through problems in marriage and wants to end it. should email Dr.OLOKUM in (LAVENDERLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM) i was helping restore my marriage occurred.
davis brown
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 12:00 am
I'm Davis brown from USA. My wife left me for no reason on 13th of June 2010. She moved in with another man, I felt like killing myself and I've tried so many spell casters but all to no avail. My life was very bitter and sorrowful. Then one day, a friend of mine told me about this spell caster called DR OGBIDI who helped her on her own situation when her husband left her. But at first i didn't believe it because i' have tested so many of them and it didn't work. she begged me further so I decided to try this spell caster called DR OGBIDI . I contacted him and i told him my problems and gave him all the necessary information he required. He just laughed and told me never to worry that my WIFE will call me back in less than two days and i believed, and after he has finished casting the spell my WIFE called me and started begging. She apologized and came back to me crying for a second chance. Today i and my wife and my two lovely kids are living happily like never before. I can really say that this spell caster is powerful because of his work my wife is home again. I'm now a very happy man and ever since she has shown me love like never before. Thank you DR OGBIDI I will forever be grateful to you. You can reach him on his email:
drogbidisolutionhome@gmail.com or drogbidisolutionhome@yahoo.co.uk he will solve any problem you are facing now. Just contact him and see his work. once again thank you DR OGBIDI
tucker stacey
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 2:02 am
My name is tucker stacey.This is a very joyful day of my life because of the help Dr.Trust has rendered to me by helping me get my ex husband back with his magic and love spell. i was married for 6 years and it was so terrible because my husband was really cheating on me and was seeking for a divorce but when i came across Dr.Trust email on the internet on how he help so many people to get their ex back and help fixing relationship.and make people to be happy in their relationship. i explained my situation to him and then seek his help but to my greatest surprise he told me that he will help me with my case and here i am now celebrating because my Husband has change totally for good. He always want to be by me and can not do anything without my present. i am really enjoying my marriage, what a great celebration. i will keep on testifying on the internet because Dr.Trust is truly a real spell caster. DO YOU NEED HELP THEN CONTACT DOCTOR TRUST NOW VIA EMAIL: Ultimatespellcast@yahoo.com or call +2348156885231 or ultimatespellcast@gmail.com. He is the only answer to your problem and make you feel happy in your relationship.
mccart
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 3:03 am
I am here to give testimony of how i got back my husband, we got married for over 9 years and we had two kids. thing were going well with us and we where always happy. until one day my husband started to behave in a way i could not understand, i was very confused by the way he treated me and the kids. later that month he did not come back home again and he called me that he want a divorce, i asked him what have i done wrong to deserve this from him, all he was saying is that he want a divorce that he hate me and do not want to see me again in his life, i was mad and also frustrated do not know what to do,i was sick for more than 2 weeks because of the divorce. i love him so much he was everything to me without him my life is incomplete. i told my sister and she told me to contact a spell caster, i never believe in all this spell casting of a thing. i just want to try if something will come out of it. i contacted traditional spell hospital for the return of my husband to me, they told me that my husband have been taken by another woman, that she cast a spell on him that is why he hate me and also want us to divorce. then they told me that they have to cast a spell on him that will make him return to me and the kids, they casted the spell and after 1 week my husband called me and he told me that i should forgive him, he started to apologize on phone and said that he still live me that he did not know what happen to him that he left me. it was the spell that he casted on him that make him come back to me. my family and i are now happy again. Thank you Dr. Aluta for what you have done for me i would have been nothing today if not for your great spell. i want you my friends who are passing through all this kind of love problem of getting back their husband, wife , or ex boyfriend and girlfriend to contact traditionalspellhospital@gmail.com and you will see that your problem will be solved without any delay. He cast spells for different purposes like
(1) If you want your ex back.
(2) if you always have bad dreams.
(3) You want to be promoted in your office.
(4) You want women/men to run after you.
(5) If you want a child.
(6) You want to be rich.
(7) You want to tie your husband/wife to be yours forever.
(8) If you need financial assistance.
(9) Herbal care
Contact him today on: traditionalspellhospital@gmail.com
tony zambetakis
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 5:05 am
i want to see my wife stop spending with no reason.and be pozetif.
Cassie Brain
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 6:06 am
I never believed in love spells or magic until I saw a testimony about one woman called Tiffany on the internet testifying about how a spell caster called DR MARVEL bring back her ex husband who left her for another woman, and i decided to contact the man to give him a try. . I am out here to testify that what DR MARVEL did for me really work out good for me because I am really happy now with my husband because after i contacted DR MARVEL he promise to bring back my husband to me which he did. So i really don't have much to say about this man but all i have to say is that DR MARVEL is really a powerful man and could help cast spells to bring back one's gone, lost, misbehaving lover.. So if you need any of his help you can contact him via email extremespellhome@hotmail.com or extremespellhome@gmail.com. i know he can also help you because i do not have any doubt for his work. GOOD LUCK. Cassie Brain
smart
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 4:16 pm
i am hear to give testimony of how i got back my husband, we got married for more than 2 years and have gotten two kids. thing were going well with us and we are always happy. until one day my husband started to behave in a way i could not understand, i was very confused by the way he treat me and the kids. later that month he did not come again and he called me that he want a divorce, I asked him what have i done wrong to deserve this from him, all he was saying that he want a divorce and that he hates me and do not want to see me again in his life, i was mad and also frustrated do not know what to do,i was sick for more than 2 weeks because of the divorce. i love him so much he was everything to me without him my life is incomplete. i told my sister and she told me to contact a spell caster, i never believe in all this spell casting of a thing. i just want to try if something will come out of it. I contacted Drehiaghe for the return of my husband to me, he told me that my husband have been taken by another woman that she cast a spell on him that is why he hates me and also want us to divorce. then he told me that he have to cast a spell on him that will make him return to me and the kids, he cast the spell and after 3 days my husband called me and he told me that i should forgive him, he settled to apologize on phone and said that he still love me that he did not know what happen to him that he left me. it was the spell that the Drehiaghe shrine casted on him that made him come back to me today,me and my family are now happy again today. thank you DR.ehiaghe for what you have done for me i would have been nothing today if not for your great spell. i want you my friends who are passing through this kind of love problem of getting back their husband, wife , or ex boyfriend and girlfriend to contact ehiaghespellhome@gmail.com and you will see that your problem will be solved.
elizabeth rosas
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 7:19 pm
After being in relationship with emma for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email: drinegbedionspellhome@gmail.com you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CAN NEVER STOP TALKING ABOUT YOU SIR HIS EMAIL
ADDRESS IS:drinegbedionspellhome@gmail.com CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEM
Janice Williams
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
GREAT THANK TO Dr Ofemo FOR HELPING ME WHEN I NEEDED HELP. A MAN WITH HIS WORLD,

My name is Janice Williams.living in California USA, i want to say a bigger thanks to dr.Ofemo for taking time to help me cast the spell that brings back my ex husband .No one could have ever made me believe that the letter I’m about to write would actually be one day be written. I was the world’s biggest skeptic. I never believed in magic spells or anything like this, but I was told by a reliable source (a very good friend of my was the one own told me about the Dr. Ofemo that him say man of is world that what ever him say so shall it be) the man call the Dr Ofemo is a very dedicated, gifted, and talented person,and is a good man that have help so many people to bring them Ex-lover back to them,It was one of the best things I have ever done. My love life was in shambles; And i said let me give him a try,and that was how he help me to get back my ex-husband. He did a love spell that make my ex-husband come back to me and marry me, With this testimony right now i am the happiest woman on earth and our love is now stronger than how it was even before. I will keep sharing this testimony all over the world. All thanks goes to Dr. Ofome for the good work that he has done for me and people. he deeply enjoy helping people achieve their desires,thanks to my friend who introduced me to him. Should in case anybody need his help you can contact him on his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com. Dr.Ofemo restore my life in my matrimonial home you can thank him for me or email him for urgent help in any bad situation i promise you he will also help you,his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com.
williams joy
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
MY LIFE IS BACK , I am williams Joy by name. Greetings to every one that is reading this testimony. I have been rejected by my husband after three(4) years of marriage just because another woman had a spell on him and he left me and the kid to suffer. one day when i was reading through the web, i saw a post on how this spell caster on this address idialuspelltemple@gmail.com, have help a woman to get back her husband and i gave him a reply to his address and he told me that a woman had a spell on my husband and he told me that he will help me and after 3 days that i will have my husband back. i believed him and today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster have the power to bring lovers back. because i am now happy with my husband. Thanks for Dr idialu. His email: idialuspelltemple@gmail.com
Kara Joles
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
Today has being the most happiest day of my life after 1 year of sadness and sorrow without being with the one i love, i tried all my possible best to make sure i make my lover happy but it never seems to work out well it was like am doing everything in vain but all thanks to Dr.Azuka for coming to change all my worries and sadness to Joy. i knew the great man when i read some wonderful reviews about Dr.Azuka how he has helped a lots of people on there relationship problem i was reading a magazine which then i saw great testimonies as well which then i decided not to waste time.he told me not to worry that he assures me that within 48 hours everything would be sorted out i believed Dr.Azuka so much because i believe he can't fail me and i sent him all my details. Truly Dr.Azuka never failed me,my husband who left me for good a year come back to me. My husband and i have been living contentedly since this spell caster reunited us together with his love spells. Thank you so so so much Dr.Azuka for your powerful spells. expressions are not sufficient to say thank you. here is his email address Greatazukalovespell@gmail.com or greatazukalovespell@yahoo.com tell +2348071398555
LydiaFred
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 7:19 pm
I am Lydia Fred i lives in united states and i was in a serious relationship with my Ex Guy for 3 good years.. One day we were in a dinner party, we had a little misunderstanding which lead to a Quarrel and he stood up and left me at the dinner party. i try to call him but he was not picking my calls so after than i contacted my brother and told him about it,my brother so much love me that he had to see him on my behalf,he told my brother that it is over between us. I cry all day, Then i contacted a friend of mine that had this similar experience and she directed me to Dr.Azuka, and i contacted him and tell him my problems how i lost my relationship with my lover. at first i thought it was not going to be possible.i was ask to come up with a little requirement information of me and my Ex Guy,so i did what i was ask to do, after 24Hours the spell was cast i was in my office when my Ex Guy called me and was asking me to forgive him and come back to him. i was very surprise it was like a dream to me. my ex is now back and he treat me very good. and our relationship is now stronger ask ever before. if you are act there looking for help is time for you to still put your hope on dr. azuka love spell, i promise you that you will be happy with your ex again email him. Greatazukalovespell@gmail.com or greatazukalovespell@yahoo.com tell +2348071398555.
mercy marcos
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
Am Mercy Marcos by name.My husband left me because i was unable to conceive after 12 years of marriage due to my BARRENNESS i visited different hospitals they were unable to help me i cried all day all to no avail, i contacted so many spell caster to bring him back but i never new they were scammer they stole my money, i decided to end it all by killing myself until God intervene by sending a friend of mine who was suffering from PCOS introduce me to the DR that cured her. i never wanted to contact him because of my past experience until i decided to give him a chance and to my greatest surprise he casted a spell and in 3 days my husband return asking for forgiveness, I really want to thank DR Harrison for the great work he did for me. But through the help of great PROPHET DR HARRISON my husband came back with tears on his face pleading, not only that Dr also helped me break the yoke of barrenness in my life and now am having 2 kids. for more information contact me via email Mercymarcos87@gmail.com. With so much joy in my heart i want to recommend DR HARRISON to everyone that has been looking for help for a long time in there relationship to get there Ex lover back or to conceive to kindly contact DR to help you with his Love spell or pregnancy spell, contact him via his email address SACREDSPELLTEMPLE@HOTMAIL.COM or you can add him on whatsApp through his mobile number +2348079540032
Olivia
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 1:01 am
An amazing testimony on a spell caster who brought my husband back to me.. My name is Olivia Phimzile,i live in Florida,USA,and I'm happily married to a lovely and caring husband ,with two kids.A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my husband .so terrible that he took the case to court for a divorce.he said that he never wanted to stay with me again,and that he didn't love me anymore.So he packed out of the house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get him back,after much begging,but all to no avail.and he confirmed it that he has made his decision,and he never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my husband .So i explained every thing to him,so he told me that the only way i can get my husband back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for him too.So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow his advice. Then he gave me the email address of the spell caster whom he visited.{supremetemple@hotmail.com}. So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address he gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my husband back the next day.What an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my husband who didn't call me for the past seven {7}months,gave me a call to inform me that he was coming back.So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster. So, i will advice you out there to kindly visit the same email supremetemple@hotmail.com,if you are in any condition like this,or you have any problem related to "bringing your ex back. So thanks to the Dr PAPA for bringing back my husband ,and brought great joy to my family once again. {supremetemple@hotmail.com}, Thanks..
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 8:08 am
After being in relationship with him for 3 years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email is DRAISEDIONSPELLCASTER@GMAIL.COM you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or any other problem.
Olivia
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
An amazing testimony on a spell caster who brought my husband back to me.. My name is Olivia Phimzile,i live in Florida,USA,and I'm happily married to a lovely and caring husband ,with two kids.A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my husband .so terrible that he took the case to court for a divorce.he said that he never wanted to stay with me again,and that he didn't love me anymore.So he packed out of the house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get him back,after much begging,but all to no avail.and he confirmed it that he has made his decision,and he never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my husband .So i explained every thing to him,so he told me that the only way i can get my husband back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for him too.So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow his advice. Then he gave me the email address of the spell caster whom he visited.{supremetemple@hotmail.com}. So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address he gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my husband back the next day.What an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my husband who didn't call me for the past seven {7}months,gave me a call to inform me that he was coming back.So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster. So, i will advice you out there to kindly visit the same email supremetemple@hotmail.com,if you are in any condition like this,or you have any problem related to "bringing your ex back. So thanks to the Dr PAPA for bringing back my husband ,and brought great joy to my family once again. {supremetemple@hotmail.com}, Thanks..
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
i just want to thank chief Dr.ikoko for his wonderful and miraculous performers in my life for the past 7yrs i have be barren but his work make me became pregnant now am with two baby’s, more to chief DR.ikoko. you can reach him via email: ikokotemple@gmail.com
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
My Name is melisa Banks am from u.s.a I want to use these medium to testify what no one as don through the internet,the great dr ohimal brought back my husband after my husband has left me to one of his co_worker in his office,she casted a spell on my husband dr ohimal reveal it to me and he break the spell and my husband who swear that he will never come back to and my child,and he called me all sort of names,he now came back to me and my child on his kneels begging for forgiveness he said he did not no what come over him but what will I do than to forgive him,that devil of a girl want to take away my joy,I thank you so much dr ohimal you are indeed a great spell caster,is any one trying to take away your lover or your lover is trying to live you for no reason,I will advise you to contact thise great doctor on his email:drohimalspelltemple@gmail.com,a problem said is a problem solve
Mr Isaac Robinson
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
Hello Loan Seeker,

Are you in any financial problem or mess? Do you need quick or cash loans to clear off your debit and get back to feet financially. If so do contact us with our email below Email:isaacrobinsonloanlink007@gmail.com

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Best Regards,

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Olivia
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
An amazing testimony on a spell caster who brought my husband back to me.. My name is Olivia Phimzile,i live in Florida,USA,and I'm happily married to a lovely and caring husband ,with two kids.A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my husband .so terrible that he took the case to court for a divorce.he said that he never wanted to stay with me again,and that he didn't love me anymore.So he packed out of the house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get him back,after much begging,but all to no avail.and he confirmed it that he has made his decision,and he never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my husband .So i explained every thing to him,so he told me that the only way i can get my husband back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for him too.So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow his advice. Then he gave me the email address of the spell caster whom he visited.{supremetemple@hotmail.com}. So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address he gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my husband back the next day.What an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my husband who didn't call me for the past seven {7}months,gave me a call to inform me that he was coming back.So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster. So, i will advice you out there to kindly visit the same email supremetemple@hotmail.com,if you are in any condition like this,or you have any problem related to "bringing your ex back. So thanks to the Dr PAPA for bringing back my husband ,and brought great joy to my family once again. {supremetemple@hotmail.com}, Thanks..
ganer
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Dec 21, 2014 @ 1:01 am
My girlfriend and I broke up few weeks ago. she started acting strange, she was ignoring all of my

calls and won’t speak to me at all, i wanted us to be back together forever and work through things as

a lovely couples. I just could not picture my life without her. i felt so rejected when i discovered

that she was cheating on me. it made me go crazy because i took her as the only love of my life, my

best friend, my soul mate, after making some research i found ONIHA on the net that he can restore

broken relationship and i gave it a try, after using his love spell, my girlfriend came back to me

asking for forgiveness and since then I definitely believe winexbackspell@gmail.com is real, I must

admit, the result was perfect, wonderful, this caster ONIHA is real and trust worthy.
rebecca
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Dec 21, 2014 @ 1:01 am
I must confess that over here in the United Kingdom it is very difficult to get a powerful spell caster that will be able to restore broken marriages or relationships, But through the help of the internet i was able to get in touch with this powerful spell caster called Dr.Adodo after reading a lot of good reviews about him on the internet so i contact him through these details via email: Adodospelltemple@gmail.com or +2348107527833 And after i told him about my relationship stress then Dr.Adodo told me to calm down that my lover will come back to apologies to for leaving me, I never taught that this was going to be possible, Just within 48 hours that i contacted Dr.Adodo my lover sent me and a sms text saying that i should forgive him and before i knew it he was already at my place begging me to accept him back. you can contact him on Adodospelltemple@gmail.com or call his mobile number
+2348107527833
ganer
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Dec 21, 2014 @ 1:01 am
My girlfriend and I broke up few weeks ago. she started acting strange, she was ignoring all of my

calls and won’t speak to me at all, i wanted us to be back together forever and work through things as

a lovely couples. I just could not picture my life without her. i felt so rejected when i discovered

that she was cheating on me. it made me go crazy because i took her as the only love of my life, my

best friend, my soul mate, after making some research i found ONIHA on the net that he can restore

broken relationship and i gave it a try, after using his love spell, my girlfriend came back to me

asking for forgiveness and since then I definitely believe winexbackspell@gmail.com is real, I must

admit, the result was perfect, wonderful, this caster ONIHA is real and trust worthy.

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